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  1. We present Descending from Stochastic Clustering Variance Regression (DiSCoVeR) (https://www.github.com/sparks-baird/mat_discover), a Python tool for identifying and assessing high-performing, chemically unique compositions relative to existing compounds using a combination of a chemical distance metric, density-aware dimensionality reduction, clustering, and a regression model. In this work, we create pairwise distance matrices between compounds via Element Mover's Distance (ElMD) and use these to create 2D density-aware embeddings for chemical compositions via Density-preserving Uniform Manifold Approximation and Projection (DensMAP). Because ElMD assigns distances between compounds that are more chemically intuitive than Euclidean-based distances, the compounds can then be clustered into chemically homogeneous clusters viamore »Hierarchical Density-based Spatial Clustering of Applications with Noise (HDBSCAN*). In combination with performance predictions via Compositionally-Restricted Attention-Based Network (CrabNet), we introduce several new metrics for materials discovery and validate DiSCoVeR on Materials Project bulk moduli using compound-wise and cluster-wise validation methods. We visualize these via multi-objective Pareto front plots and assign a weighted score to each composition that encompasses the trade-off between performance and density-based chemical uniqueness. In addition to density-based metrics, we explore an additional uniqueness proxy related to property gradients in DensMAP space. As a validation study, we use DiSCoVeR to screen materials for both performance and uniqueness to extrapolate to new chemical spaces. Top-10 rankings are provided for the compound-wise density and property gradient uniqueness proxies. Top-ranked compounds can be further curated via literature searches, physics-based simulations, and/or experimental synthesis. Finally, we compare DiSCoVeR against the naive baseline of random search for several parameter combinations in an adaptive design scheme. To our knowledge, this is the first time automated screening has been performed with explicit emphasis on discovering high-performing, novel materials.« less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available February 7, 2023
  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available January 1, 2023
  3. Abstract In this paper, we demonstrate an application of the Transformer self-attention mechanism in the context of materials science. Our network, the Compositionally Restricted Attention-Based network (), explores the area of structure-agnostic materials property predictions when only a chemical formula is provided. Our results show that ’s performance matches or exceeds current best-practice methods on nearly all of 28 total benchmark datasets. We also demonstrate how ’s architecture lends itself towards model interpretability by showing different visualization approaches that are made possible by its design. We feel confident that and its attention-based framework will be of keen interest to futuremore »materials informatics researchers.« less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 1, 2022
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