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  1. null (Ed.)
    We are motivated by newly proposed methods for data mining large-scale corpora of scholarly publications, such as the full biomedical literature, which may consist of tens of millions of papers spanning decades of research. In this setting, analysts seek to discover how concepts relate to one another. They construct graph representations from annotated text databases and then formulate the relationship-mining problem as one of computing all-pairs shortest paths (APSP), which becomes a significant bottleneck. In this context, we present a new high-performance algorithm and implementation of the Floyd-Warshall algorithm for distributed-memory parallel computers accelerated by GPUs, which we call DSNAPSHOT (Distributed Accelerated Semiring All-Pairs Shortest Path). For our largest experiments, we ran DSNAPSHOT on a connected input graph with millions of vertices using 4, 096nodes (24,576GPUs) of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Summit supercomputer system. We find DSNAPSHOT achieves a sustained performance of 136×1015 floating-point operations per second (136petaflop/s) at a parallel efficiency of 90% under weak scaling and, in absolute speed, 70% of the best possible performance given our computation (in the single-precision tropical semiring or “min-plus” algebra). Looking forward, we believe this novel capability will enable the mining of scholarly knowledge corpora when embedded and integrated into artificial intelligence-driven natural language processing workflows at scale. 
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  2. null (Ed.)
    We present an optimized Floyd-Warshall (Floyd-Warshall) algorithm that computes the All-pairs shortest path (APSP) for GPU accelerated clusters. The Floyd-Warshall algorithm due to its structural similarities to matrix-multiplication is well suited for highly parallel GPU architectures. To achieve high parallel efficiency, we address two key algorithmic challenges: reducing high communication overhead and addressing limited GPU memory. To reduce high communication costs, we redesign the parallel (a) to expose more parallelism, (b) aggressively overlap communication and computation with pipelined and asynchronous scheduling of operations, and (c) tailored MPI-collective. To cope with limited GPU memory, we employ an offload model, where the data resides on the host and is transferred to GPU on-demand. The proposed optimizations are supported with detailed performance models for tuning. Our optimized parallel Floyd-Warshall implementation is up to 5x faster than a strong baseline and achieves 8.1 PetaFLOPS/sec on 256~nodes of the Summit supercomputer at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. This performance represents 70% of the theoretical peak and 80% parallel efficiency. The offload algorithm can handle 2.5x larger graphs with a 20% increase in overall running time. 
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