skip to main content

Search for: All records

Creators/Authors contains: "Tiedje, James M."

Note: When clicking on a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) number, you will be taken to an external site maintained by the publisher. Some full text articles may not yet be available without a charge during the embargo (administrative interval).
What is a DOI Number?

Some links on this page may take you to non-federal websites. Their policies may differ from this site.

  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available June 1, 2024
  2. Airborne bacteria are an influential component of the Earth’s microbiomes, but their community structure and biogeographic distribution patterns have yet to be understood. We analyzed the bacterial communities of 370 air particulate samples collected from 63 sites around the world and constructed an airborne bacterial reference catalog with more than 27 million nonredundant 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene sequences. We present their biogeographic pattern and decipher the interlacing of the microbiome co-occurrence network with surface environments of the Earth. While the total abundance of global airborne bacteria in the troposphere (1.72 × 10 24 cells) is 1 to 3 orders of magnitude lower than that of other habitats, the number of bacterial taxa (i.e., richness) in the atmosphere (4.71 × 10 8 to 3.08 × 10 9 ) is comparable to that in the hydrosphere, and its maximum occurs in midlatitude regions, as is also observed in other ecosystems. The airborne bacterial community harbors a unique set of dominant taxa (24 species); however, its structure appears to be more easily perturbed, due to the more prominent role of stochastic processes in shaping community assembly. This is corroborated by the major contribution of surface microbiomes to airborne bacteria (averaging 46.3%), whilemore »atmospheric conditions such as meteorological factors and air quality also play a role. Particularly in urban areas, human impacts weaken the relative importance of plant sources of airborne bacteria and elevate the occurrence of potential pathogens from anthropogenic sources. These findings serve as a key reference for predicting planetary microbiome responses and the health impacts of inhalable microbiomes with future changes in the environment.« less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available October 18, 2023
  3. Whiteley, Marvin (Ed.)
    ABSTRACT Climate change is the most serious challenge facing humanity. Microbes produce and consume three major greenhouse gases—carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide—and some microbes cause human, animal, and plant diseases that can be exacerbated by climate change. Hence, microbial research is needed to help ameliorate the warming trajectory and cascading effects resulting from heat, drought, and severe storms. We present a brief summary of what is known about microbial responses to climate change in three major ecosystems: terrestrial, ocean, and urban. We also offer suggestions for new research directions to reduce microbial greenhouse gases and mitigate the pathogenic impacts of microbes. These include performing more controlled studies on the climate impact on microbial processes, system interdependencies, and responses to human interventions, using microbes and their carbon and nitrogen transformations for useful stable products, improving microbial process data for climate models, and taking the One Health approach to study microbes and climate change.
  4. Abstract

    Understanding how bacterial community assembly and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) respond to antibiotic exposure is essential to deciphering the ecological risk of anthropogenic antibiotic pollution in soils. In this study, three loam soils with different land management (unmanured golf course, dairy‐manured pasture, and swine‐manured cornfield) were spiked with a mixture of 11 antibiotics at the initial concentration of 100 and 1000 μg kg−1for each antibiotic and incubated over 132 days, mimicking a scenario of pulse disturbance and recovery in soils, with unspiked soil samples as the control treatment. The Infer Community Assembly Mechanisms by Phylogenetic‐bin‐based null model (iCAMP) analysis demonstrated that drift and dispersal limitation contributed to 57%–65% and 16%–25%, and homogeneous selection 12%–16% of soil bacterial community assembly. Interestingly, antibiotic exposure to 1000 μg kg−1level significantly increased the contribution of drift to community assembly, largely due to the positive response from Acidobacteria‐6 in the golf course and pasture soils and from Chthoniobacteraceae in the cornfield soil to the antibiotic exposure. However, ARG abundance and diversity in the three soils exhibited antibiotics‐independent temporal fluctuations, but were associated with the changes in soil bacterial communities over time. This study provides the first insight into the relative contributions of different bacterial community assembly processes in soils uponmore »antibiotic exposure at environmentally relevant concentrations.

    « less