skip to main content

Search for: All records

Creators/Authors contains: "Todd, Brian D."

Note: When clicking on a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) number, you will be taken to an external site maintained by the publisher. Some full text articles may not yet be available without a charge during the embargo (administrative interval).
What is a DOI Number?

Some links on this page may take you to non-federal websites. Their policies may differ from this site.

  1. Abstract

    The conversion of natural habitats to human land uses often increases local temperatures, creating novel thermal environments for species. The variable responses of ectotherms to habitat conversion, where some species decline while others persist, can partly be explained by variation among species in their thermal niches. However, few studies have examined thermal niche variation within species and across forest‐land use ecotones, information that could provide clues about the capacity of species to adapt to changing temperatures. Here, we quantify individual‐level variation in thermal traits of the tropical poison frog,Oophaga pumilio, in thermally contrasting habitats. Specifically, we examined local environmental temperatures, field body temperatures (Tb), preferred body temperatures (Tpref), critical thermal maxima (CTmax), and thermal safety margins (TSM) of individuals from warm, converted habitats and cool forests. We found that frogs from converted habitats exhibited greater meanTbandTprefthan those from forests. In contrast,CTmaxandTSMdid not differ significantly between habitats. However,CTmaxdid increase moderately with increasingTb, suggesting that changes inCTmaxmay be driven by microscale temperature exposure within habitats rather than by mean habitat conditions. AlthoughO. pumilioexhibited moderate divergence inTpref,CTmaxappears to be less labile between habitats, possibly due to the ability of frogs in converted habitats to maintain theirTbbelow airmore »temperatures that reach or exceedCTmax. Selective pressures on thermal tolerances may increase, however, with the loss of buffering microhabitats and increased frequency of extreme temperatures expected under future habitat degradation and climate warming.

    Abstract in Spanish is available with online material.

    « less