skip to main content

Attention:

The NSF Public Access Repository (NSF-PAR) system and access will be unavailable from 11:00 PM ET on Thursday, May 23 until 2:00 AM ET on Friday, May 24 due to maintenance. We apologize for the inconvenience.


Search for: All records

Creators/Authors contains: "Van Dam, Bryce R."

Note: When clicking on a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) number, you will be taken to an external site maintained by the publisher. Some full text articles may not yet be available without a charge during the embargo (administrative interval).
What is a DOI Number?

Some links on this page may take you to non-federal websites. Their policies may differ from this site.

  1. null (Ed.)
  2. Abstract. The net ecosystem productivity (NEP) of two seagrassmeadows within one of the largest seagrass ecosystems in the world, FloridaBay, was assessed using direct measurements over consecutive diel cyclesduring a short study in the fall of 2018. We report significant differencesbetween NEP determined by dissolved inorganic carbon (NEPDIC) and bydissolved oxygen (NEPDO), likely driven by differences in air–water gasexchange and contrasting responses to variations in light intensity. We alsoacknowledge the impact of advective exchange on metabolic calculations ofNEP and net ecosystem calcification (NEC) using the “open-water” approachand attempt to quantify this effect. In this first direct determination ofNEPDIC in seagrass, we found that both seagrass ecosystems were netheterotrophic, on average, despite large differences in seagrass netabove-ground primary productivity. NEC was also negative, indicating thatboth sites were net dissolving carbonate minerals. We suggest that acombination of carbonate dissolution and respiration in sediments exceededseagrass primary production and calcification, supporting our negative NEPand NEC measurements. However, given the limited spatial (two sites) andtemporal (8 d) extent of this study, our results may not berepresentative of Florida Bay as a whole and may be season-specific. Theresults of this study highlight the need for better temporal resolution,accurate carbonate chemistry accounting, and an improved understanding ofphysical mixing processes in future seagrass metabolism studies. 
    more » « less
  3. Abstract

    Subtropical seagrass meadows play a major role in the coastal carbon cycle, but the nature of air–water CO2exchanges over these ecosystems is still poorly understood. The complex physical forcing of air–water exchange in coastal waters challenges our ability to quantify bulk exchanges of CO2and water (evaporation), emphasizing the need for direct measurements. We describe the first direct measurements of evaporation and CO2flux over a calcifying seagrass meadow near Bob Allen Keys, Florida. Over the 78‐d study, CO2emissions were 36% greater during the day than at night, and the site was a net CO2source to the atmosphere of 0.27 ± 0.17 μmol m−2s−1(x̅ ± standard deviation). A quarter (23%) of the diurnal variability in CO2flux was caused by the effect of changing water temperature on gas solubility. Furthermore, evaporation rates were ~ 10 times greater than precipitation, causing a 14% increase in salinity, a potential precursor of seagrass die‐offs. Evaporation rates were not correlated with solar radiation, but instead with air–water temperature gradient and wind shear. We also confirm the role of convective forcing on night‐time enhancement and day‐time suppression of gas transfer. At this site, temperature trends are regulated by solar heating, combined with shallow water depth and relatively consistent air temperature. Our findings indicate that evaporation and air–water CO2exchange over shallow, tropical, and subtropical seagrass ecosystems may be fundamentally different than in submerged vegetated environments elsewhere, in part due to the complex physical forcing of coastal air–sea gas transfer.

     
    more » « less
  4. Abstract

    In 2016, Hurricane Matthew accounted for 25% of the annual riverine C loading to the Neuse River Estuary‐Pamlico Sound, in eastern North Carolina. Unlike inland watersheds, dissolved organic carbon (DOC) was the dominant component of C flux from this coastal watershed and stable carbon isotope and chromophoric dissolved organic matter evidence indicated the estuary and sound were dominated by wetland‐derived terrigenous organic matter sources for several months following the storm. Persistence of wetland‐derived DOC enabled its degradation to carbon dioxide (CO2), which was supported by sea‐to‐air CO2fluxes measured in the sound weeks after the storm. Under future increasingly extreme weather events such as Hurricane Matthew, and most recently Hurricane Florence (September 2018), degradation of terrestrial DOC in floodwaters could increase flux of CO2from estuaries and coastal waters to the atmosphere.

     
    more » « less