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Creators/Authors contains: "Wagner, Andreas"

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  1. Abstract

    Chaperones facilitate the folding of other (“client”) proteins and can thus affect the adaptive evolution of these clients. Specifically, chaperones affect the phenotype of proteins via two opposing mechanisms. On the one hand, they can buffer the effects of mutations in proteins and thus help preserve an ancestral, premutation phenotype. On the other hand, they can potentiate the effects of mutations and thus enhance the phenotypic changes caused by a mutation. We study that how the bacterial Hsp90 chaperone (HtpG) affects the evolution of green fluorescent protein. To this end, we performed directed evolution of green fluorescent protein under low and high cellular concentrations of Hsp90. Specifically, we evolved green fluorescent protein under both stabilizing selection for its ancestral (green) phenotype and directional selection toward a new (cyan) phenotype. While Hsp90 did only affect the rate of adaptive evolution transiently, it did affect the phenotypic effects of mutations that occurred during adaptive evolution. Specifically, Hsp90 allowed strongly deleterious mutations to accumulate in evolving populations by buffering their effects. Our observations show that the role of a chaperone for adaptive evolution depends on the organism and the trait being studied.

  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available July 1, 2023
  3. Abstract This paper introduces a database of 34 field-measured building occupant behavior datasets collected from 15 countries and 39 institutions across 10 climatic zones covering various building types in both commercial and residential sectors. This is a comprehensive global database about building occupant behavior. The database includes occupancy patterns (i.e., presence and people count) and occupant behaviors (i.e., interactions with devices, equipment, and technical systems in buildings). Brick schema models were developed to represent sensor and room metadata information. The database is publicly available, and a website was created for the public to access, query, and download specific datasets or the whole database interactively. The database can help to advance the knowledge and understanding of realistic occupancy patterns and human-building interactions with building systems (e.g., light switching, set-point changes on thermostats, fans on/off, etc.) and envelopes (e.g., window opening/closing). With these more realistic inputs of occupants’ schedules and their interactions with buildings and systems, building designers, energy modelers, and consultants can improve the accuracy of building energy simulation and building load forecasting.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 1, 2023
  4. Abstract Magneto-ionics, understood as voltage-driven ion transport in magnetic materials, has largely relied on controlled migration of oxygen ions. Here, we demonstrate room-temperature voltage-driven nitrogen transport ( i.e ., nitrogen magneto-ionics) by electrolyte-gating of a CoN film. Nitrogen magneto-ionics in CoN is compared to oxygen magneto-ionics in Co 3 O 4 . Both materials are nanocrystalline (face-centered cubic structure) and show reversible voltage-driven ON-OFF ferromagnetism. In contrast to oxygen, nitrogen transport occurs uniformly creating a plane-wave-like migration front, without assistance of diffusion channels. Remarkably, nitrogen magneto-ionics requires lower threshold voltages and exhibits enhanced rates and cyclability. This is due to the lower activation energy for ion diffusion and the lower electronegativity of nitrogen compared to oxygen. These results may open new avenues in applications such as brain-inspired computing or iontronics in general.