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  1. Abstract Recent years have witnessed marked progress in the efficient synthesis of various enantioenriched 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinoxalines. However, enantio- and diastereoselective access to trans-2,3-disubstituted 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinoxalines remains much less explored. Herein we report that a frustrated Lewis pair-based catalyst generated via in situ hydroboration of 2-vinylnaphthalene with HB(C6F5)2 allows for the one-pot tandem cyclization/hydrosilylation of 1,2-diaminobenzenes and 1,2-diketones with commercially available PhSiH3 to exclusively afford trans-2,3-disubstituted 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinoxalines in high yields with excellent diastereoselectivities (>20 : 1 dr). Furthermore, this reaction can be rendered asymmetric by using an enantioenriched borane-based catalyst derived from HB(C6F5)2 and a binaphthyl-based chiral diene to give rise to enantioenriched trans-2,3-disubstituted 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinoxalines in high yields with almost complete diastereo- and enantiocontrol (>20 : 1 dr, up to >99 % ee). A wide substrate scope, good tolerance of diverse functionality and up to 20-gram scale production are demonstrated. The enantio- and diastereocontrol are achieved by the judicious choice of borane catalyst and hydrosilane. The catalytic pathway and the origin of the excellent stereoselectivity are elucidated by mechanistic experiments and DFT calculations.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available June 20, 2024
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  4. In this study, the first highly chemoselective amidation of Boc and amide groups of N -R- N -Boc arylamides is advanced. This practical and operationally-simple method enables the preparation of either N -aroylureas or imides in good to excellent yields without addition of transition metals. The choice of base plays a significant role in controlling the reactivity of the inequivalent carbonyl groups. The amidation of the Boc group was observed with arylamides, ArCONH 2 , when subjected to KO t Bu while imides were produced with LiOH. DFT studies are employed to explore the divergent mechanisms. It is anticipated that these chemoselective methods will be of interest to the synthetic and medicinal chemistry communities.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available April 11, 2024
  5. Transformation of multifunctional materials with control over site-selectivity and chemical diversity remains challenging. Herein, we present a metal-free, one-pot strategy for the defluorophosphorylation of polyfluoroalkyl peroxides that enables expedient construction of structurally diverse phosphoryl-containing heterocyclic libraries. By judicious choice of reaction conditions, C 3,4-diphosphoryl furans and C 4-monophosphoryl furans can be easily accessed. In addition, synthetic derivatization of the obtained organophosphorus heteroarenes to value-added monodentate and bidentate phosphines has been demonstrated. Mechanistic studies revealed that regioselective defluorophosphorylation allows divergent product formation in two reaction modes.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available March 6, 2024
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  9. A Rh( i )-catalyzed trideuteromethylation of heteroarenes with inexpensive and readily available deuterated acetic acid (CD 3 CO 2 D) with the aid of a N -containing directing groups is developed. The oxidant-free reaction is applicable to a wide range of heteroarene substrates, including 2-pyridones, indoles, aryl rings, pyrroles and carbazoles. It allows installation of CD 3 groups under straightforward reaction conditions. It is expected that the salient and practical features of this trideuteromethylation protocol will be of use to academic and industrial researchers.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available October 5, 2023
  10. Oxazoles are among the most important heterocyclic scaffolds in the fields of natural products and medicinal chemistry. Herein is developed a tandem reaction for the synthesis of a diverse array of 4,5-difunctionalized oxazoles utilizing easily-accessible ethyl 2-isocyanoacetate and aldehydes (26 examples, 31–83% yields). This cascade reaction is facilitated by catalytic CuBr and molecular oxygen as the oxidant. The process involves a catalytic cycloaddition oxidative dehydroaromatization mechanism. The broad aldehyde substrate scope, mild reaction conditions, and atom economy make this protocol an attractive alternative to access functionalized oxazoles.