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  1. This paper presents a single-aperture, single-pixel reader for communication with Optical Frequency Identification (OFID) tags. OFID tags use solar cells to transmit and receive information wirelessly as well as to harvest radiant energy. Due to its single-aperture architecture, the reader's optical system provides a shared optical path for reception and transmission. Also, physical alignment between the reader and an OFID tag is visually guided using the reader's emitted light, securing a robust data link as long as the OFID tag is illuminated. In this paper, a description of the reader's optical and electronic sub-systems are presented. The transmitter and receivermore »circuits are described in detail. The transmitter, built with a linear LED driver, achieves a power efficiency of nearly 87%. The receiver, featuring a third-order bandpass filter, reduces both low-frequency and high-frequency ambient noise. A prototype of the reader was fabricated and housed in a custom 3D-printed enclosure. Test results show that the reader is able to receive modulated luminescent signals from an OFID tag at a distance of 1 m and at a data rate of 3 kbps.« less
  2. This paper presents a circuit for simultaneous reception of optical power and data using a solar cell. The circuit employs a switched-inductor boost DC-DC converter for energy harvesting and a low-power thresholding receiver for data reception. The thresholding data receiver comprises a current-sense resistor that monitors the current output of the solar cell, an instrumentation amplifier, a band-pass filter and a comparator. A system-level analysis of an optical communication system employing the proposed circuit is presented along with a circuit-level analysis and implementation. As a proof-of-concept, the proposed circuit for simultaneous power and data reception is implemented using off-the-shelf componentsmore »and tested using a custom-built test setup. Measurement results, including harvested power, electronic noise and bit error rate (BER), are reported for a GaAs solar cell and a red LED light source. Results show that 223 μW of power are harvested by the DC-DC converter at a distance of 32.5 cm and a radiated power of 9.3 mW. At a modulation depth of 50% and a transmission speed of 2.5 kbps, a BER of 1.008×10^-3 is achieved. Measurement results reveal that the proposed solution exhibits a trade-off between harvested power, transmission speed and BER.« less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available June 7, 2022
  3. Kepler data for three SRS: stars, V616 Lyrae, V607 Lyrae, and V621 Lyrae, were analyzed to study their period structure. Two of the stars had confirmed SRS light curve characteristics. V616 Lyr shows two strong periods at 16.91 days and 8.18 days. V607 Lyr shows one strong period at 13.55 days. V616 Lyr and V607 Lyr also display amplitude changes common to the SR stars. Variability was not detected for V621 Lyr. Evidence for solar-like oscillations in V616 Lyr is presented.
  4. Abstract Quantization of the noncommutative geometric spectral action has so far been performed on the final component form of the action where all traces over the Dirac matrices and symmetry algebra are carried out. In this work, in order to preserve the noncommutative geometric structure of the formalism, we derive the quantization rules for propagators and vertices in matrix form. We show that the results in the case of a product of a four-dimensional Euclidean manifold by a finite space, could be cast in the form of that of a Yang–Mills theory. We illustrate the procedure for the toy electroweakmore »model.« less
  5. An optical wireless communication approach that exploits the photo-luminescent radiation of LEDs is presented. In this approach the photo-luminescence of an array of LEDs is modulated by varying the impedance connected to the LEDs. The LEDs are also employed to harvest radiant energy making possible fully passive optical communications tags. Possible applications of this approach include short-range underwater communications. Initial experimental results suggest that communication speeds of few kilobits per second can be achieved.
  6. Tree fecundity and recruitment have not yet been quantified at scales needed to anticipate biogeographic shifts in response to climate change. By separating their responses, this study shows coherence across species and communities, offering the strongest support to date that migration is in progress with regional limitations on rates. The southeastern continent emerges as a fecundity hotspot, but it is situated south of population centers where high seed production could contribute to poleward population spread. By contrast, seedling success is highest in the West and North, serving to partially offset limited seed production near poleward frontiers. The evidence of fecunditymore »and recruitment control on tree migration can inform conservation planning for the expected long-term disequilibrium between climate and forest distribution.« less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available January 4, 2023