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  1. Abstract We report the detection of a strong thermal component in the short gamma-ray burst 170206A with three intense pulses in its light curves, throughout which the fluxes of this thermal component exhibit fast temporal variability the same as that of the accompanying nonthermal component. The values of the time-resolved low-energy photon index in the nonthermal component are between about −0.79 and −0.16, most of which are harder than the −2/3 expected in the synchrotron emission process. In addition, we found a common evolution between the thermal component and the nonthermal component, E p , CPL ∝ kT BB 0.95 ± 0.28 and F CPL ∝ F BB 0.67 ± 0.18 , where E p,CPL and F CPL are the peak photon energy and corresponding flux of the nonthermal component, and kT BB and F BB are the temperature and corresponding flux of the thermal component, respectively. Finally, we proposed that the photospheric thermal emission and the Comptonization of thermal photons may be responsible for the observational features of GRB 170206A.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available April 1, 2023
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  3. Free, publicly-accessible full text available March 17, 2023
  4. Abstract A prompt extra power-law (PL) spectral component that usually dominates the spectral energy distribution below tens of keV or above ∼10 MeV has been discovered in some bright gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). However, its origin is still unclear. In this paper, we present a systematic analysis of 13 Fermi short GRBs, as of 2020 August, with contemporaneous keV–MeV and GeV detections during the prompt emission phase. We find that the extra PL component is a ubiquitous spectral feature for short GRBs, showing up in all 13 analyzed GRBs. The PL indices are mostly harder than −2.0, which may be well reproduced by considering the electromagnetic cascade induced by ultrarelativistic protons or electrons accelerated in the prompt emission phase. The average flux of these extra PL components positively correlates with that of the main spectral components, which implies they may share the same physical origin.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 1, 2022
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  7. Free, publicly-accessible full text available February 1, 2023