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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available April 1, 2025
  2. Lithium metal batteries promise higher energy densities than current lithium-ion batteries but require novel electrolytes to extend their cycle life. Fluorinated solvents help stabilize the solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) with lithium metal, but are believed to have weaker solvation ability compared to their nonfluorinated counterparts and are deemed ‘poorer electrolytes’. In this work, we synthesize tris(2-fluoroethyl) borate (TFEB) as a new fluorinated borate ester solvent and show that TFEB unexpectedly has higher lithium salt solubility than its nonfluorinated counterpart (triethyl borate). Through experiments and simulations, we show that the partially fluorinated –CH2F group acts as the primary coordination site that promotes lithium salt dissolution. TFEB electrolyte has a higher lithium transference number and better rate capability compared to methoxy polyethyleneglycol borate esters reported in the literature. In addition, TFEB supports compact lithium deposition morphology, high lithium metal Coulombic efficiency, and stable cycling of lithium metal/LiFePO4 cells. This work ushers in a new electrolyte design paradigm where partially fluorinated moieties enable salt dissolution and can serve as primary ion coordination sites for next-generation electrolytes. 
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available January 23, 2025
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  5. Organometal halide perovskites are promising materials for optoelectronic applications, whose commercial realization depends critically on their stability under multiple environmental factors.

     
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available January 1, 2025
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  8. The interface between two different materials can show unexpected quantum phenomena. In this study, we used molecular beam epitaxy to synthesize heterostructures formed by stacking together two magnetic materials, a ferromagnetic topological insulator (TI) and an antiferromagnetic iron chalcogenide (FeTe). We observed emergent interface-induced superconductivity in these heterostructures and demonstrated the co-occurrence of superconductivity, ferromagnetism, and topological band structure in the magnetic TI layer—the three essential ingredients of chiral topological superconductivity (TSC). The unusual coexistence of ferromagnetism and superconductivity is accompanied by a high upper critical magnetic field that exceeds the Pauli paramagnetic limit for conventional superconductors at low temperatures. These magnetic TI/FeTe heterostructures with robust superconductivity and atomically sharp interfaces provide an ideal wafer-scale platform for the exploration of chiral TSC and Majorana physics. 
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available February 9, 2025