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  1. Han, Jae-Hung ; Shahab, Shima ; Yang, Jinkyu (Ed.)
  2. Origami has emerged as a promising tool for the design of mechanical structures that can be folded into small volume and expanded to large structures, which enables the desirable features of compact storage and effective deployment. Most attention to date on origami deployment has been on its geometry, kinematics, and quasi-static mechanics, while the dynamics of deployment has not been systematically studied. On the other hand, deployment dynamics could be important in many applications, especially in high speed operation and low damping conditions. This research investigates the dynamic characteristics of the deploying process of origami structures through investigating a Miura-Ori sheet (Fig. 1(b, c)). In this study, we have utilized the stored energy in pre-deformed spring elements to actuate the deployment. We theoretically model and numerically analyze the deploying process of the origami sheet. Specifically, the sheet is modeled by bar-and-hinge blocks, in which the facet and crease stiffnesses are modeled to be related to the bar axial deformation and torsional motion at the creases. On the other hand, the structural inertia is modelled as mass points assigned at hinges. Numerical simulations show that, apart from axial contraction and expansion, the origami structure can exhibit transverse motion during the deploying process. Further investigation reveals that the transverse motion has close relationship with the controlled deploying rate. This research will pave the way for further analysis and applications of the dynamics of origami-based structures. 
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  3. Triboelectric energy harvesters or nanogenerators exploit both contact electri cation and electrostatic induction to scavenge excess energy from random motions of mechanical structures. This study focuses on the modeling of triboelectric energy harvesters in the con guration of contact-separation impact oscillators. While mechanical and electrostatic elements in such systems can be satisfactorily modeled based on existing theories, the underlying physics of contact electri cation is still under debate. The aim of this work is to introduce the surface charge density of dielectric layers as a variable into the macroscopic equations of motion of triboelectric impact oscillators by experimentally investigating the relation between the impact force and the charge transfer during contact electri cation. Specifi cally, specimens with selected pairs of materials are put under a solenoid-driven pressing tester which charges the specimens with a vertical force whose magnitude, frequency and duty cycle can be controlled. An electrometer is used to monitor the short circuit charge flow between the electrodes from which the charge accumulation on dielectric layers can be extracted. With results from parameter-sweep tests, the produced map from contact force to surface charge density can be integrated into equations of motion via curve fitting or interpolation. 
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  4. Abstract

    Origami, the ancient Japanese art of paper folding, is not only an inspiring technique to create sophisticated shapes, but also a surprisingly powerful method to induce nonlinear mechanical properties. Over the last decade, advances in crease design, mechanics modeling, and scalable fabrication have fostered the rapid emergence of architected origami materials. These materials typically consist of folded origami sheets or modules with intricate 3D geometries, and feature many unique and desirable material properties like auxetics, tunable nonlinear stiffness, multistability, and impact absorption. Rich designs in origami offer great freedom to design the performance of such origami materials, and folding offers a unique opportunity to efficiently fabricate these materials at vastly different sizes. Here, recent studies on the different aspects of origami materials—geometric design, mechanics analysis, achieved properties, and fabrication techniques—are highlighted and the challenges ahead discussed. The synergies between these different aspects will continue to mature and flourish this promising field.

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