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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available March 1, 2025
  2. Joint photoelectron spectroscopy and first-principles theory investigations indicate that the Pb-doped PbB2(BO)nclusters (n= 0−2) undergo a transformation from σ + π doubly aromatic triangle PbB2to PbB4(BO)2−/0complexes with a B≡B triple bond.

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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available February 7, 2025
  3. Metal-boron triple bonds are rare due to the electron deficiency of boron.

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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available October 17, 2024
  4. We report the experimental observation and spectroscopic characterization, and structure and bonding analyses of copper–borozene complexes.

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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available January 1, 2025
  5. We present an investigation on the structures and chemical bonding of two Bi-doped boron clusters BiBn− (n = 4, 5) using photoelectron spectroscopy and theoretical calculations. The electron affinities of BiB4 and BiB5 are measured to be 2.22(2) eV and 2.61(2) eV, respectively. Well-resolved photoelectron spectra are obtained and used to compare with theoretical calculations to verify the structures of BiB4− and BiB5−. Both clusters adopt planar structures with the Bi atom bonded to the periphery of the planar Bn moiety. Chemical bonding analyses reveal that the Bn moiety maintains σ and π double-aromaticity. The Bi atom is found to induce relatively small structural changes to the Bn moiety, very different from transition metal-doped boron clusters.

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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available October 1, 2024
  6. We report a study on the electronic structure and chemical bonding of the BiB molecule using high-resolution photoelectron imaging of cryogenically cooled BiB− anion. By eliminating all the vibrational hot bands, we can resolve the complicated detachment transitions due to the open-shell nature of BiB and the strong spin–orbit coupling. The electron affinity of BiB is measured to be 2.010(1) eV. The ground state of BiB− is determined to be 2Π(3/2) with a σ2π3 valence electron configuration, while the ground state of BiB is found to be 3Σ−(0+) with a σ2π2 electron configuration. Eight low-lying spin–orbit excited states [3Σ−(1), 1Δ(2), 1Σ+(0+), 3Π(2), 3Π(1), 1Π(1)], including two forbidden transitions, [3Π(0−) and 3Π(0+)], are observed for BiB as a result of electron detachment from the σ and π orbitals of BiB−. The angular distribution information from the photoelectron imaging is found to be critical to distinguish detachment transitions from the σ or π orbital for the spectral assignment. This study provides a wealth of information about the low-lying electronic states and spin–orbit coupling of BiB, demonstrating the importance of cryogenic cooling for obtaining well-resolved photoelectron spectra for size-selected clusters produced from a laser vaporization cluster source.

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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available September 21, 2024
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  9. Free, publicly-accessible full text available June 8, 2024
  10. We report a temperature-controlled photoelectron imaging study of SbO2–, produced from a laser vaporization source and cooled in a cryogenic 3D Paul trap. Vibrationally resolved photoelectron spectra are obtained for the ground state detachment transition, yielding the bending frequencies for both SbO2 and SbO2–. Franck-Condon simulations also allow the estimate of the vibrational temperature of the trapped SbO2– anion. A near-threshold spectrum of SbO2– at a photon energy of 3.4958 eV reveals partially resolved rotational structure for the 0-0 transition, which yields an accurate electron affinity of 3.4945 ± 0.0004 eV for SbO2. The rotational simulation also yields an estimated rotational temperature of the trapped ions. 
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