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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available March 25, 2023
  2. Realizing quantum speedup for practically relevant, computationally hard problems is a central challenge in quantum information science. Using Rydberg atom arrays with up to 289 qubits in two spatial dimensions, we experimentally investigate quantum algorithms for solving the Maximum Independent Set problem. We use a hardware-efficient encoding associated with Rydberg blockade, realize closed-loop optimization to test several variational algorithms, and subsequently apply them to systematically explore a class of graphs with programmable connectivity. We find the problem hardness is controlled by the solution degeneracy and number of local minima, and experimentally benchmark the quantum algorithm’s performance against classical simulated annealing.more »On the hardest graphs, we observe a superlinear quantum speedup in finding exact solutions in the deep circuit regime and analyze its origins.« less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available May 5, 2023
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  4. Dielectric elastomers (DEs) deform and change shape when an electric field is applied across them. They are flexible, resilient, lightweight, and durable and as such are suitable for use as soft actuators. In this paper a physics-based and control-oriented model is developed for a DE tubular actuator using a physics-lumped parameter modeling approach. The model derives from the nonlinear partial differential equations (PDE) which govern the nonlinear elasticity of the DE actuator and the ordinary differential equation (ODE) that governs the electrical dynamics of the DE actuator. With the boundary conditions for the tubular actuator, the nonlinear PDEs are numericallymore »solved and a quasi-static nonlinear model is obtained and validated by experiments. The full nonlinear model is then linearized around an operating point with an analytically derived Hessian matrix. The analytically linearized model is validated by experiments. Proportional–Integral–Derivative (PID) and H∞ control are developed and implemented to perform position reference tracking of the DEA and the controllers’ performances are evaluated according to control energy and tracking error.« less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available October 26, 2022
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