skip to main content


The NSF Public Access Repository (NSF-PAR) system and access will be unavailable from 11:00 PM ET on Friday, April 12 until 2:00 AM ET on Saturday, April 13 due to maintenance. We apologize for the inconvenience.

Search for: All records

Creators/Authors contains: "Wang, Shitong"

Note: When clicking on a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) number, you will be taken to an external site maintained by the publisher. Some full text articles may not yet be available without a charge during the embargo (administrative interval).
What is a DOI Number?

Some links on this page may take you to non-federal websites. Their policies may differ from this site.

  1. Abstract

    Proton conduction underlies many important electrochemical technologies. A family of new proton electrolytes is reported: acid‐in‐clay electrolyte (AiCE) prepared by integrating fast proton carriers in a natural phyllosilicate clay network, which can be made into thin‐film (tens of micrometers) fluid‐impervious membranes. The chosen example systems (sepiolite–phosphoric acid) rank top among the solid proton conductors in terms of proton conductivities (15 mS cm−1at 25 °C, 0.023 mS cm−1at −82 °C), electrochemical stability window (3.35 V), and reduced chemical reactivity. A proton battery is assembled using AiCE as the solid electrolyte membrane. Benefitting from the wider electrochemical stability window, reduced corrosivity, and excellent ionic selectivity of AiCE, the two main problems (gassing and cyclability) of proton batteries are successfully solved. This work draws attention to the element cross‐over problem in proton batteries and the generic “acid‐in‐clay” solid electrolyte approach with superfast proton transport, outstanding selectivity, and improved stability for room‐ to cryogenic‐temperature protonic applications.

    more » « less