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  1. Abstract

    Today, data is being actively generated by a variety of devices, services, and applications. Such data is important not only for the information that it contains, but also for its relationships to other data and to interested users. Most existing Big Data systems focus onpassivelyanswering queries from users, rather thanactivelycollecting data, processing it, and serving it to users. To satisfy both passive and active requests at scale, application developers need either to heavily customize an existing passive Big Data system or to glue one together with systems likeStreaming EnginesandPub-sub services. Either choice requires significant effort and incurs additional overhead. In this paper, we present the BAD (Big Active Data) system as an end-to-end, out-of-the-box solution for this challenge. It is designed to preserve the merits of passive Big Data systems and introduces new features for actively serving Big Data to users at scale. We show the design and implementation of the BAD system, demonstrate how BAD facilitates providing both passive and active data services, investigate the BAD system’s performance at scale, and illustrate the complexities that would result from instead providing BAD-like services with a “glued” system.

     
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    In many Big Data applications today, information needs to be actively shared between systems managed by different organizations. To enable sharing Big Data at scale, developers would have to create dedicated server programs and glue together multiple Big Data systems for scalability. Developing and managing such glued data sharing services requires a significant amount of work from developers. In our prior work, we developed a Big Active Data (BAD) system for enabling Big Data subscriptions and analytics with millions of subscribers. Based on that, we introduce a new mechanism for enabling the sharing of Big Data at scale declaratively so that developers can easily create and provide data sharing services using declarative statements and can benefit from an underlying scalable infrastructure. We show our implementation on top of the BAD system, explain the data sharing data flow among multiple systems, and present a prototype system with experimental results. 
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