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  4. Silicon is considered an important anode material for solid-state batteries (SSBs) because of its unique properties in addressing key challenges associated with Li metal anodes such as dendrite formation and morphological instability. Despite many exciting results from previous reports on solid-state Si anodes, the initial Coulombic efficiency (ICE), a critical parameter that characterizes the electrochemical reversibility for the first cycle and directly influences the energy density of the battery, has not been well considered. Here we study the electrochemical stability between Si and three representative solid electrolytes (SEs), including a typical sulfide (75Li 2 S-25P 2 S 5 , LPS), an iodide-substituted sulfide (70(0.75Li 2 S-0.25P 2 S 5 )-60LiI, LPSI), and a hydride-based SE (3LiBH 4 -LiI, LBHI), to improve the ICE of solid-state Si anodes. Combining first-principles computations, electrochemical measurements, ex situ XPS characterizations, and mechanical measurements, we report that LBHI demonstrates superior electrochemical and chemical stability with Si anodes compared with sulfide-based SEs, enabling a high-performance solid-state Si anode with a record high ICE of 96.2% among all Si anodes reported to date. The excellent stability of LBHI with Si anode was also demonstrated in solid-state full cells with nickel-rich layered oxide cathodes. The research provides novelmore »insights into developing high-performance Si anodes for practical applications.« less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available April 12, 2024
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  7. Abstract

    Self‐reported lost memory of child sexual abuse (CSA) can be mistaken for “repressed memory.” Based on our longitudinal studies of memory and disclosure in child maltreatment victims who are now adults, we discuss findings relevant to “repressed memory cases.” We examined relations between self‐report of temporarily lost memory of CSA (subjective forgetting) and memory accuracy for maltreatment‐related experiences (objective memory). Across two studies involving separate samples, we find evidence for memory suppression rather than repression: (1) Most adults who claimed temporary lost memory of CSA reported memory suppression and clarified that they could have remembered the event if asked; (2) subjective forgetting was positively associated with accurate objective memory for maltreatment‐related experiences. Subjective forgetting was also related to increased adult trauma symptoms and related to childhood non‐disclosure of CSA. Moreover, trauma‐related psychopathology mediated the relation between non‐disclosure and subjective forgetting. Implications for psychological theory and repressed memory cases are discussed.

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  9. Abstract SPINDLY (SPY) is a novel nucleocytoplasmic protein O-fucosyltransferase that regulates target protein activity or stability via O-fucosylation of specific Ser/Thr residues. Previous genetic studies indicate that AtSPY regulates plant development during vegetative and reproductive growth by modulating gibberellin and cytokinin responses. AtSPY also regulates the circadian clock and plant responses to biotic and abiotic stresses. The pleiotropic phenotypes of spy mutants point to the likely role of AtSPY in regulating key proteins functioning in diverse cellular pathways. However, very few AtSPY targets are known. Here, we identified 88 SPY targets from Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) and Nicotiana benthamiana via the purification of O-fucosylated peptides using Aleuria aurantia lectin followed by electron transfer dissociation-MS/MS analysis. Most AtSPY targets were nuclear proteins that function in DNA repair, transcription, RNA splicing, and nucleocytoplasmic transport. Cytoplasmic AtSPY targets were involved in microtubule-mediated cell division/growth and protein folding. A comparison with the published O-linked-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) proteome revealed that 30% of AtSPY targets were also O-GlcNAcylated, indicating that these distinct glycosylations could co-regulate many protein functions. This study unveiled the roles of O-fucosylation in modulating many key nuclear and cytoplasmic proteins and provided a valuable resource for elucidating the regulatory mechanisms involved.
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