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  1. null (Ed.)
    Abstract A metallic state with a vanishing activation gap, at a filling factor $$\nu = 8/5$$ ν = 8 / 5 in the untilted specimen with $$n= 2 \times 10^{11} cm^{-2}$$ n = 2 × 10 11 c m - 2 , and at $$\nu = 4/3$$ ν = 4 / 3 at $$n=1.2 \times 10^{11} cm^{-2}$$ n = 1.2 × 10 11 c m - 2 under a $$\theta = 66^{0}$$ θ = 66 0 tilted magnetic field, is examined through a microwave photo-excited transport study of the GaAs/AlGaAs 2 dimensional electron system (2DES). The results presented here suggest, remarkably, that at the possible degeneracy point of states with different spin polarization, where the 8/5 or 4/3 FQHE vanish, there occurs a peculiar marginal metallic state that differs qualitatively from a quantum Hall insulating state and the usual quantum Hall metallic state. Such a marginal metallic state occurs most prominently at $$\nu =8/5$$ ν = 8 / 5 , and at $$\nu =4/3$$ ν = 4 / 3 under tilt as mentioned above, over the interval $$1 \le \nu \le 2$$ 1 ≤ ν ≤ 2 , that also includes the $$\nu = 3/2$$ ν = 3 / 2 state, which appears perceptibly gapped in the first instance. 
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  2. null (Ed.)
  3. ABSTRACT We examined the influence of the microwave power on the diagonal resistance in the GaAs/AlGaAs two dimensional electron system (2DES), in order to extract the electron temperature and determine microwave induced heating as a function of the microwave power. The study shows that microwaves produce a small discernable increase in the electron temperature both at null magnetic field and at finite magnetic fields in the GaAs/AlGaAs 2DES. The heating effect at null field appears greater in comparison to the examined finite field interval, although the increase in the electron temperature in the zero-field limit appears smaller than theoretical predictions. 
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