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  1. Bateiha, S. and (Ed.)
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available April 1, 2023
  2. Bateiha, S. ; Cobbs, G. (Ed.)
    Recent research on instructional vision offers new insights into the challenges of systemic coherence when implementing educational innovations at scale. In this paper, we retrospectively examine the work of our statewide partnership of mathematics education leaders for implementing new state mathematics standards. we identify three categories of designs that improved coherence during implementation and highlight the role of instructional vision in each.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available January 1, 2023
  3. Surface waves are excited at the boundary of a mechanically vibrated cylindrical container and are referred to as edge waves. Resonant waves are considered, which are formed by a travelling wave formed at the edge and constructively interfering with its centre reflection. These waves exhibit an axisymmetric spatial structure defined by the mode number $n$ . Viscoelastic effects are investigated using two materials with tunable properties; (i) glycerol/water mixtures (viscosity) and (ii) agarose gels (elasticity). Long-exposure white-light imaging is used to quantify the magnitude of the wave slope from which frequency-response diagrams are obtained via frequency sweeps. Resonance peaks and bandwidths are identified. These results show that for a given $n$ , the resonance frequency decreases with viscosity and increases with elasticity. The amplitude of the resonance peaks are much lower for gels and decrease further with mode number, indicating that much larger driving amplitudes are needed to overcome the elasticity and excite edge waves. The natural frequencies for a viscoelastic fluid in a cylindrical container with a pinned contact-line are computed from a theoretical model that depends upon the dimensionless Ohnesorge number ${Oh}$ , elastocapillary number ${Ec}$ and Bond number ${Bo}$ . All show good agreement with experimental observations.more »The eigenvalue problem is equivalent to the classic damped-driven oscillator model on linear operators with viscosity appearing as a damping force and elasticity and surface tension as restorative forces, consistent with our physical interpretation of these viscoelastic effects.« less
  4. Surface waves are excited by mechanical vibration of a cylindrical container having an air/water interface pinned at the rim, and the dynamics of pattern formation is analysed from both an experimental and theoretical perspective. The wave conforms to the geometry of the container and its spatial structure is described by the mode number pair ( $n,\ell$ ) that is identified by long exposure time white light imaging. A laser light system is used to detect the surface wave frequency, which exhibits either a (i) harmonic response for low driving amplitude edge waves or (ii) sub-harmonic response for driving amplitude above the Faraday wave threshold. The first 50 resonant modes are discovered. Control of the meniscus geometry is used to great effect. Specifically, when flat, edge waves are suppressed and only Faraday waves are observed. For a concave meniscus, edge waves are observed and, at higher amplitudes, Faraday waves appear as well, leading to complicated mode mixing. Theoretical predictions for the natural frequency of surface oscillations for an inviscid liquid in a cylindrical container with a pinned contact line are made using the Rayleigh–Ritz procedure and are in excellent agreement with experimental results.