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Creators/Authors contains: "Wolf, Max"

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  1. Abstract

    Behavioral individuality is a ubiquitous phenomenon in animal populations, yet the origins and developmental trajectories of individuality, especially very early in life, are still a black box. Using a high-resolution tracking system, we mapped the behavioral trajectories of genetically identical fish (Poecilia formosa), separated immediately after birth into identical environments, over the first 10 weeks of their life at 3 s resolution. We find that (i) strong behavioral individuality is present at the very first day after birth, (ii) behavioral differences at day 1 of life predict behavior up to at least 10 weeks later, and (iii) patterns of individuality strengthen gradually over developmental time. Our results establish a null model for how behavioral individuality can develop in the absence of genetic and environmental variation and provide experimental evidence that later-in-life individuality can be strongly shaped by factors pre-dating birth like maternal provisioning, epigenetics and pre-birth developmental stochasticity.

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  2. Abstract

    Protein arginylation mediated by arginyltransferase ATE1 is a key regulatory process essential for mammalian embryogenesis, cell migration, and protein regulation. Despite decades of studies, very little is known about the specificity of ATE1-mediated target site recognition. Here, we usedin vitroassays and computational analysis to dissect target site specificity of mouse arginyltransferases and gain insights into the complexity of the mammalian arginylome. We found that the four ATE1 isoforms have different, only partially overlapping target site specificity that includes more variability in the target residues than previously believed. Based on all the available data, we generated an algorithm for identifying potential arginylation consensus motif and used this algorithm for global prediction of proteins arginylatedin vivoon the N-terminal D and E. Our analysis reveals multiple proteins with potential ATE1 target sites and expand our understanding of the biological complexity of the intracellular arginylome.

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