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  1. Abstract

    We present a statistical investigation of the effects of interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) on hemispheric asymmetry in auroral currents. Nearly 6 years of magnetic field measurements from Swarm A and C satellites are analyzed. Bootstrap resampling is used to remove the difference in the number of samples and IMF conditions between the local seasons and the hemispheres. Currents are stronger in Northern Hemisphere (NH) than Southern Hemisphere (SH) for IMF Bin NH (Bin SH) in most local seasons under both signs of IMF B. For Bin NH (Bin SH), the hemispheric difference in currents is small except in local winter when currents in NH are stronger than in SH. During Band Bin NH (Band Bin SH), the largest hemispheric asymmetry occurs in local winter and autumn, when the NH/SH ratio of field aligned current (FAC) is 1.180.09 in winter and 1.170.09 in autumn. During Band Bin NH (Band Bin SH), the largest asymmetry is observed in local autumn with NH/SH ratio of 1.160.07 for FAC. We also find an explicit Beffect on auroral currents in a given hemisphere: on average Bin NH and Bin SH causes larger currents than vice versa. The explicit Beffect on divergence‐free current during IMF Bis in very good agreement with the Beffect on the cross polar cap potential from the Super Dual Auroral Radar Network dynamic model except at SH equinox and NH summer.

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