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Creators/Authors contains: "Wu, Judy Z."

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  1. Abstract

    Ultrathin (sub-2 nm) Al2O3/MgO memristors were recently developed using anin vacuoatomic layer deposition (ALD) process that minimizes unintended defects and prevents undesirable leakage current. These memristors provide a unique platform that allows oxygen vacancies (VO) to be inserted into the memristor with atomic precision and study how this affects the formation and rupture of conductive filaments (CFs) during memristive switching. Herein, we present a systematic study on three sets of ultrathin Al2O3/MgO memristors with VO-doping via modular MgO atomic layer insertion into an otherwise pristine insulating Al2O3atomic layer stack (ALS) using anin vacuoALD. At a fixed memristor thickness of 17 Al2O3/MgO atomic layers (∼1.9 nm), the properties of the memristors were found to be affected by the number and stacking pattern of the MgO atomic layers in the Al2O3/MgO ALS. Importantly, the trend of reduced low-state resistance and the increasing appearance of multi-step switches with an increasing number of MgO atomic layers suggests a direct correlation between the dimension and dynamic evolution of the conducting filaments and the VOconcentration and distribution. Understanding such a correlation is critical to an atomic-scale control of the switching behavior of ultrathin memristors.

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  2. Abstract In the carbon nanotubes film/graphene heterostructure decorated with catalytic Pt nanoparticles using atomic layer deposition (Pt-NPs/CNTs/Gr) H 2 sensors, the CNT film determines the effective sensing area and the signal transport to Gr channel. The former requires a large CNT aspect ratio for a higher sensing area while the latter demands high electric conductivity for efficient charge transport. Considering the CNT’s aspect ratio decreases, while its conductivity increases ( i.e. , bandgap decreases), with the CNT diameter, it is important to understand how quantitatively these effects impact the performance of the Pt-NPs/CNTs/Gr nanohybrids sensors. Motivated by this, this work presents a systematic study of the Pt-NPs/CNTs/Gr H 2 sensor performance with the CNT films made from different constituent CNTs of diameters ranging from 1 nm for single-wall CNTs, to 2 nm for double-wall CNTs, and to 10–30 nm for multi-wall CNTs (MWCNTs). By measuring the morphology and electric conductivity of SWCNT, DWCNT and MWCNT films, this work aims to reveal the quantitative correlation between the sensor performance and relevant CNT properties. Interestingly, the best performance is obtained on Pt-NPs/MWCNTs/Gr H 2 sensors, which can be attributed to the compromise of the effective sensing area and electric conductivity on MWCNT films and illustrates the importance of optimizing sensor design. 
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  3. Abstract

    Continuous device downsizing and circuit complexity have motivated atomic-scale tuning of memristors. Herein, we report atomically tunable Pd/M1/M2/Al ultrathin (<2.5 nm M1/M2 bilayer oxide thickness) memristors using in vacuo atomic layer deposition by controlled insertion of MgO atomic layers into pristine Al2O3atomic layer stacks guided by theory predicted Fermi energy lowering leading to a higher high state resistance (HRS) and a reduction of oxygen vacancy formation energy. Excitingly, memristors with HRS and on/off ratio increasing exponentially with M1/M2 thickness in the range 1.2–2.4 nm have been obtained, illustrating tunneling mechanism and tunable on/off ratio in the range of 10–104. Further dynamic tunability of on/off ratio by electric field is possible by designing of the atomic M2 layer and M1/M2 interface. This result probes ways in the design of memristors with atomically tunable performance parameters.

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  4. Nanohybrids of graphene and two-dimensional (2D) layered transition metal dichalcogenides (TMD) nanostructures can provide a promising substrate for extraordinary surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) due to the combined electromagnetic enhancement on TMD nanostructures via localized surface plasmonic resonance (LSPR) and chemical enhancement on graphene. In these nanohybrid SERS substrates, the LSPR on TMD nanostructures is affected by the TMD morphology. Herein, we report the first successful growth of MoS2 nanodonuts (N-donuts) on graphene using a vapor transport process on graphene. Using Rhodamine 6G (R6G) as a probe, SERS spectra were compared on MoS2 N-donuts/graphene nanohybrids substrates. A remarkably high R6G SERS sensitivity up to 2 × 10−12 M has been obtained, which can be attributed to the more robust LSPR effect than in other TMD nanostructures such as nanodiscs as suggested by the finite-difference time-domain simulation. This result demonstrates that non-metallic TMD/graphene nanohybrids substrates can have SERS sensitivity up to one order of magnitude higher than that reported on the plasmonic metal nanostructures/2D materials SERS substrates, providing a promising scheme for high-sensitivity, low-cost applications for biosensing. 
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  5. Abstract One-dimensional c -axis-aligned BaZrO 3 (BZO) nanorods are regarded as strong one-dimensional artificial pinning centers (1D-APCs) in BZO-doped YaBa 2 Cu 3 O 7− x (BZO/YBCO) nanocomposite films. However, a microstructure analysis has revealed a defective, oxygen-deficient YBCO column around the BZO 1D-APCs due to the large lattice mismatch of ∼7.7% between the BZO (3a = 1.26 nm) and YBCO (c = 1.17 nm), which has been blamed for the reduced pinning efficiency of BZO 1D-APCs. Herein, we report a dynamic lattice enlargement approach on the tensile strained YBCO lattice during the BZO 1D-APCs growth to induce c -axis elongation of the YBCO lattice up to 1.26 nm near the BZO 1D-APC/YBCO interface via Ca/Cu substitution on single Cu-O planes of YBCO, which prevents the interfacial defect formation by reducing the BZO/YBCO lattice mismatch to ∼1.4%. Specifically, this is achieved by inserting thin Ca 0.3 Y 0.7 Ba 2 Cu 3 O 7− x (CaY-123) spacers as the Ca reservoir in 2–6 vol.% BZO/YBCO nanocomposite multilayer (ML) films. A defect-free, coherent BZO 1D-APC/YBCO interface is confirmed in transmission electron microscopy and elemental distribution analyses. Excitingly, up to five-fold enhancement of J c ( B ) at magnetic field B = 9.0 T// c -axis and 65 K–77 K was obtained in the ML samples as compared to their BZO/YBCO single-layer (SL) counterpart’s. This has led to a record high pinning force density F p together with significantly enhanced B max at which F p reaches its maximum value F p,max for BZO 1D-APCs at B // c -axis. At 65 K, the F p,max ∼158 GN m −3 and B max ∼ 8.0 T for the 6% BZO/YBCO ML samples represent a significant enhancement over F p,max ∼ 36.1 GN m −3 and B max ∼ 5.0 T for the 6% BZO/YBCO SL counterparts. This result not only illustrates the critical importance of a coherent BZO 1D-APC/YBCO interface in the pinning efficiency, but also provides a facile scheme to achieve such an interface to restore the pristine pinning efficiency of the BZO 1D-APCs. 
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