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  1. This paper presents a mid-air haptic interface device enabled by a piezoelectric micromachined ultrasonic transducer (pMUT) array achieving an unprecedentedly high transmission pressure of 2900 Pa at a 15 mm distance for the first time. The structure is based on sputtered potassium sodium niobate (K,Na)NbO3 (KNN) thin film with a high piezoelectric coefficient (𝑒𝑒31 ~ 8-10 C/m2). A prototype KNN pMUT array composed of 15×15 dual-electrode circular-shape diaphragms exhibits a resonant frequency around 92.4 kHz. Testing results show a transmitting sensitivity of 120.8 Pa/cm2 per volt under only 12 Vp-p excitation at the natural focal point of 15 mm away, which is at least 3 times that of previously reported AlN pMUTs at a similar frequency. Furthermore, an instant non-contact haptic stimulation of wind-like sensation on human palms has been realized. As such, this work sheds light on a new class of pMUT array with high acoustic output pressure for human-machine interface applications, such as consumer electronics and AR/VR systems. 
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available June 26, 2024
  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available June 1, 2024
  3. This work reports an engineered platform for the non-contact haptic stimulation on human skins by means of an array of piezoelectric micromachined ultrasonic transducer (pMUT) via the beamforming scheme. Compared to the state-of-art reports, three distinctive achievements have been demonstrated: (1) individual single pMUT unit based on lithium niobate (LN) with measured high SPL (sound pressure level) of 133 dB at 2 mm away; (2) a beamforming scheme simulated and experimentally proved to generate ~2.3x higher pressure near the focal point; and (3) the combination of auto-positioning and haptic stimulations on volunteers with the smallest reported physical device size to achieve haptic sensations. As such, this work could have practical applications in the broad areas to stimulate haptic sensations, such as AR (Augmented Reality), VR (Virtual Reality), and robotics. 
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available January 16, 2024
  4. Abstract

    Measurements of the associated production of a W boson and a charm ($${\text {c}}$$c) quark in proton–proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 8$$\,\text {TeV}$$TeVare reported. The analysis uses a data sample corresponding to a total integrated luminosity of 19.7$$\,\text {fb}^{-1}$$fb-1collected by the CMS detector at the LHC. The W bosons are identified through their leptonic decays to an electron or a muon, and a neutrino. Charm quark jets are selected using distinctive signatures of charm hadron decays. The product of the cross section and branching fraction$$\sigma (\text {p}\text {p}\rightarrow \text {W}+ {\text {c}}+ \text {X}) {\mathcal {B}}(\text {W}\rightarrow \ell \upnu )$$σ(ppW+c+X)B(Wν), where$$\ell = \text {e}$$=eor$$\upmu $$μ, and the cross section ratio$$\sigma (\text {p}\text {p}\rightarrow {{\text {W}}^{+} + \bar{{\text {c}}} + \text {X}}) / \sigma (\text {p}\text {p}\rightarrow {{\text {W}}^{-} + {\text {c}}+ \text {X}})$$σ(ppW++c¯+X)/σ(ppW-+c+X)are measured in a fiducial volume and differentially as functions of the pseudorapidity and of the transverse momentum of the lepton from the W boson decay. The results are compared with theoretical predictions. The impact of these measurements on the determination of the strange quark distribution is assessed.

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  5. Abstract A search for low-mass dilepton resonances in Higgs boson decays is conducted in the four-lepton final state. The decay is assumed to proceed via a pair of beyond the standard model particles, or one such particle and a $${\mathrm{Z}}$$ Z boson. The search uses proton–proton collision data collected with the CMS detector at the CERN LHC, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 137 $$\,\text {fb}^{-1}$$ fb - 1 , at a center-of-mass energy $$\sqrt{s} = 13\,\text {TeV} $$ s = 13 TeV . No significant deviation from the standard model expectation is observed. Upper limits at 95% confidence level are set on model-independent Higgs boson decay branching fractions. Additionally, limits on dark photon and axion-like particle production, based on two specific models, are reported. 
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  6. Abstract A search for dark matter in the form of strongly interacting massive particles (SIMPs) using the CMS detector at the LHC is presented. The SIMPs would be produced in pairs that manifest themselves as pairs of jets without tracks. The energy fraction of jets carried by charged particles is used as a key discriminator to suppress efficiently the large multijet background, and the remaining background is estimated directly from data. The search is performed using proton–proton collision data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 16.1 $$\,\text {fb}^{-1}$$ fb - 1 , collected with the CMS detector in 2016. No significant excess of events is observed above the expected background. For the simplified dark matter model under consideration, SIMPs with masses up to 100 $$\,\text {GeV}$$ GeV are excluded and further sensitivity is explored towards higher masses. 
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