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Creators/Authors contains: "Xin, Jack"

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  1. In this paper, we aim to segment an image degraded by blur and Poisson noise. We adopt a smoothing-and-thresholding (SaT) segmentation framework that finds a piecewise-smooth solution, followed by k -means clustering to segment the image. Specifically for the image smoothing step, we replace the least-squares fidelity for Gaussian noise in the Mumford-Shah model with a maximum posterior (MAP) term to deal with Poisson noise and we incorporate the weighted difference of anisotropic and isotropic total variation (AITV) as a regularization to promote the sparsity of image gradients. For such a nonconvex model, we develop a specific splitting scheme and utilize a proximal operator to apply the alternating direction method of multipliers (ADMM). Convergence analysis is provided to validate the efficacy of the ADMM scheme. Numerical experiments on various segmentation scenarios (grayscale/color and multiphase) showcase that our proposed method outperforms a number of segmentation methods, including the original SaT.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available June 28, 2024
  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available January 1, 2024
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  5. In this paper, we study the convergence analysis for a robust stochastic structure-preserving Lagrangian numerical scheme in computing effective diffusivity of time-dependent chaotic flows, which are modeled by stochastic differential equations (SDEs). Our numerical scheme is based on a splitting method to solve the corresponding SDEs in which the deterministic subproblem is discretized using a structure-preserving scheme while the random subproblem is discretized using the Euler-Maruyama scheme. We obtain a sharp and uniform-in-time convergence analysis for the proposed numerical scheme that allows us to accurately compute long-time solutions of the SDEs. As such, we can compute the effective diffusivity for time-dependent chaotic flows. Finally, we present numerical results to demonstrate the accuracy and efficiency of the proposed method in computing effective diffusivity for the time-dependent Arnold-Beltrami-Childress (ABC) flow and Kolmogorov flow in three-dimensional space.
  6. It has been shown by many researchers that transformers perform as well as convolutional neural networks in many computer vision tasks. Meanwhile, the large computational costs of its attention module hinder further studies and applications on edge devices. Some pruning methods have been developed to construct efficient vision transformers, but most of them have considered image classification tasks only. Inspired by these results, we propose SiDT, a method for pruning vision transformer backbones on more complicated vision tasks like object detection, based on the search of transformer dimensions. Experiments on CIFAR-100 and COCO datasets show that the backbones with 20% or 40% dimensions/parameters pruned can have similar or even better performance than the unpruned models. Moreover, we have also provided the complexity analysis and comparisons with the previous pruning methods.