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Creators/Authors contains: "Xu, Hui"

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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available July 1, 2023
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  4. Abstract

    As nanotechnology becomes increasingly used in biomedicine, it is important to have techniques by which to examine the structure and dynamics of biologically-relevant molecules on the surface of engineered nanoparticles. Previous work has shown that Saturation-Transfer Difference (STD)-NMR can be used to explore the interaction between small molecules, including amino acids, and the surface of polystyrene nanoparticles. Here we use STD-NMR to further explore the different driving forces that are responsible for these interactions. Electrostatic effects are probed by using zwitterionic polystyrene beads and performing STD-NMR experiments at high, low, and neutral pH, as well as by varying the salt concentration and observing the effect on the STD buildup curve. The influence of dispersion interactions on ligand-nanoparticle binding is also explored, by establishing a structure–activity relationship for binding using a series of unnatural amino acids with different lengths of hydrophobic side chains. These results will be useful for predicting which residues in a peptide are responsible for binding and for understanding the driving forces for binding between peptides and nanoparticles in future studies.