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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available March 1, 2024
  2. In this paper, we present a novel terrain classifica- tion framework for large-scale remote sensing images. A well- performing multi-scale superpixel tessellation based segmentation approach is employed to generate homogeneous and irregularly shaped regions, and a transfer learning technique is sequentially deployed to derive representative deep features by utilizing suc- cessful pre-trained convolutional neural network (CNN) models. This design is aimed to overcome the big problem of lacking available ground-truth data and to increase the generalization power of the multi-pixel descriptor. In the subsequent classification step, we train a fast and robust support vector machine (SVM) to assign the pixel-level labels. Its maximum-margin property can be easily combined with a graph Laplacian propagation approach. Moreover, we analyze the advantages of applying a feature selection technique to the deep CNN features which are extracted by transfer learning. In the experiments, we evaluate the whole framework based on different geographical types. Compared with other region-based classification methods, the results show that our framework can obtain state-of-the-art performance w.r.t. both classification accuracy and computational efficiency.
  3. Building an efficient and accurate pixel-level labeling framework for large-scale and high-resolution satellite imagery is an important machine learning application in the remote sensing area. Due to the very limited amount of the ground-truth data, we employ a well-performing superpixel tessellation approach to segment the image into homogeneous regions and then use these irregular-shaped regions as the foundation for the dense labeling work. A deep model based on generative adversarial networks is trained to learn the discriminating features from the image data without requiring any additional labeled information. In the subsequent classification step, we adopt the discriminator of this unsupervised model as a feature extractor and train a fast and robust support vector machine to assign the pixel-level labels. In the experiments, we evaluate our framework in terms of the pixel-level classification accuracy on satellite imagery with different geographical types. The results show that our dense-labeling framework is very competitive compared to the state-of-the-art methods that heavily rely on prior knowledge or other large-scale annotated datasets.
  4. Abstract JUNO is a multi-purpose neutrino observatory under construction in the south of China. This publication presents new sensitivity estimates for the measurement of the , , , and oscillation parameters using reactor antineutrinos, which is one of the primary physics goals of the experiment. The sensitivities are obtained using the best knowledge available to date on the location and overburden of the experimental site, the nuclear reactors in the surrounding area and beyond, the detector response uncertainties, and the reactor antineutrino spectral shape constraints expected from the TAO satellite detector. It is found that the and oscillation parameters will be determined to 0.5% precision or better in six years of data collection. In the same period, the parameter will be determined to about % precision for each mass ordering hypothesis. The new precision represents approximately an order of magnitude improvement over existing constraints for these three parameters.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 1, 2023
  5. Abstract Main goal of the JUNO experiment is to determine the neutrino mass ordering using a 20 kt liquid-scintillator detector. Its key feature is an excellent energy resolution of at least 3% at 1 MeV, for which its instruments need to meet a certain quality and thus have to be fully characterized. More than 20,000 20-inch PMTs have been received and assessed by JUNO after a detailed testing program which began in 2017 and elapsed for about four years. Based on this mass characterization and a set of specific requirements, a good quality of all accepted PMTs could be ascertained. This paper presents the performed testing procedure with the designed testing systems as well as the statistical characteristics of all 20-inch PMTs intended to be used in the JUNO experiment, covering more than fifteen performance parameters including the photocathode uniformity. This constitutes the largest sample of 20-inch PMTs ever produced and studied in detail to date, i.e. 15,000 of the newly developed 20-inch MCP-PMTs from Northern Night Vision Technology Co. (NNVT) and 5000 of dynode PMTs from Hamamatsu Photonics K. K.(HPK).
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 1, 2023
  6. Abstract We present the detection potential for the diffuse supernova neutrino background (DSNB) at the Jiangmen Underground Neutrino Observatory (JUNO), using the inverse-beta-decay (IBD) detection channel on free protons. We employ the latest information on the DSNB flux predictions, and investigate in detail the background and its reduction for the DSNB search at JUNO. The atmospheric neutrino induced neutral current (NC) background turns out to be the most critical background, whose uncertainty is carefully evaluated from both the spread of model predictions and an envisaged in situ measurement. We also make a careful study on the background suppression with the pulse shape discrimination (PSD) and triple coincidence (TC) cuts. With latest DSNB signal predictions, more realistic background evaluation and PSD efficiency optimization, and additional TC cut, JUNO can reach the significance of 3σ for 3 years of data taking, and achieve better than 5σ after 10 years for a reference DSNB model. In the pessimistic scenario of non-observation, JUNO would strongly improve the limits and exclude a significant region of the model parameter space.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available October 1, 2023
  7. A bstract We study damping signatures at the Jiangmen Underground Neutrino Observatory (JUNO), a medium-baseline reactor neutrino oscillation experiment. These damping signatures are motivated by various new physics models, including quantum decoherence, ν 3 decay, neutrino absorption, and wave packet decoherence. The phenomenological effects of these models can be characterized by exponential damping factors at the probability level. We assess how well JUNO can constrain these damping parameters and how to disentangle these different damping signatures at JUNO. Compared to current experimental limits, JUNO can significantly improve the limits on τ 3 / m 3 in the ν 3 decay model, the width of the neutrino wave packet σ x , and the intrinsic relative dispersion of neutrino momentum σ rel .
  8. Abstract Highlights

    IHP promotes the dissolution of kaolinite mainly through the formation of aluminium phytate complex.

    IHP sorption presents a sharp maximum at pH 4.0.

    IHP forms inner‐sphere complexes at the surface of kaolinite.

    Formation of aluminium phytate surface precipitates is favourable at relatively low pH.

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