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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 1, 2023
  2. Voice biometrics is drawing increasing attention to user authentication on smart devices. However, voice biometrics is vulnerable to replay attacks, where adversaries try to spoof voice authentication systems using pre-recorded voice samples collected from genuine users. To this end, we propose VoiceGesture, a liveness detection solution for voice authentication on smart devices such as smartphones and smart speakers. With audio hardware advances on smart devices, VoiceGesture leverages built-in speaker and microphone pairs on smart devices as Doppler Radar to sense articulatory gestures for liveness detection during voice authentication. The experiments with 21 participants and different smart devices show that VoiceGesture achieves over 99% and around 98% detection accuracy for text-dependent and text-independent liveness detection, respectively. Moreover, VoiceGesture is robust to different device placements, low audio sampling frequency, and supports medium range liveness detection on smart speakers in various use scenarios, including smart homes and smart vehicles.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available August 1, 2023
  3. Free, publicly-accessible full text available June 1, 2023
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  5. Free, publicly-accessible full text available March 1, 2023
  6. Free, publicly-accessible full text available August 8, 2023
  7. WiFi human sensing has become increasingly attractive in enabling emerging human-computer interaction applications. The corresponding technique has gradually evolved from the classification of multiple activity types to more fine-grained tracking of 3D human poses. However, existing WiFi-based 3D human pose tracking is limited to a set of predefined activities. In this work, we present Winect, a 3D human pose tracking system for free-form activity using commodity WiFi devices. Our system tracks free-form activity by estimating a 3D skeleton pose that consists of a set of joints of the human body. In particular, we combine signal separation and joint movement modeling to achieve free-form activity tracking. Our system first identifies the moving limbs by leveraging the two-dimensional angle of arrival of the signals reflected off the human body and separates the entangled signals for each limb. Then, it tracks each limb and constructs a 3D skeleton of the body by modeling the inherent relationship between the movements of the limb and the corresponding joints. Our evaluation results show that Winect is environment-independent and achieves centimeter-level accuracy for free-form activity tracking under various challenging environments including the none-line-of-sight (NLoS) scenarios.
  8. Free, publicly-accessible full text available March 1, 2023