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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available February 22, 2025
  2. Many applications deployed to public clouds are concerned about the confidentiality of their outsourced data, such as financial services and electronic patient records. A plausible solution to this problem is homomorphic encryption (HE), which supports certain algebraic operations directly over the ciphertexts. The downside of HE schemes is their significant, if not prohibitive, performance overhead for data-intensive workloads that are very common for outsourced databases, or database-as-a-serve in cloud computing. The objective of this work is to mitigate the performance overhead incurred by the HE module in outsourced databases. To that end, this paper proposes a radix-based parallel caching optimization for accelerating the performance of homomorphic encryption (HE) of outsourced databases in cloud computing. The key insight of the proposed optimization is caching selected radix-ciphertexts in parallel without violating existing security guarantees of the primitive/base HE scheme. We design the radix HE algorithm and apply it to both batch- and incremental-HE schemes; we demonstrate the security of those radix-based HE schemes by showing that the problem of breaking them can be reduced to the problem of breaking their base HE schemes that are known IND-CPA (i.e. Indistinguishability under Chosen-Plaintext Attack). We implement the radix-based schemes as middleware of a 10-node Cassandra cluster on CloudLab; experiments on six workloads show that the proposed caching can boost state-of-the-art HE schemes, such as Paillier and Symmetria, by up to five orders of magnitude.

     
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available May 26, 2024
  3. This paper investigates the short-term wind farm generation forecast. It is observed from the real wind farm generation measurements that wind farm generation exhibits distinct features, such as the non-stationarity and the heterogeneous dynamics of ramp and non-ramp events across different classes of wind turbines. To account for the distinct features of wind farm generation, we propose a Drifting Streaming Peaks-over-Threshold (DSPOT)-enhanced self-evolving neural networks-based short-term wind farm generation forecast. Using DSPOT, the proposed method first classifies the wind farm generation data into ramp and non-ramp datasets, where time-varying dynamics are taken into account by utilizing dynamic ramp thresholds to separate the ramp and non-ramp events. We then train different neural networks based on each dataset to learn the different dynamics of wind farm generation by the NeuroEvolution of Augmenting Topologies (NEAT), which can obtain the best network topology and weighting parameters. As the efficacy of the neural networks relies on the quality of the training datasets (i.e., the classification accuracy of the ramp and non-ramp events), a Bayesian optimization-based approach is developed to optimize the parameters of DSPOT to enhance the quality of the training datasets and the corresponding performance of the neural networks. Based on the developed self-evolving neural networks, both distributional and point forecasts are developed. The experimental results show that compared with other forecast approaches, the proposed forecast approach can substantially improve the forecast accuracy, especially for ramp events. The experiment results indicate that the accuracy improvement in a 60 min horizon forecast in terms of the mean absolute error (MAE) is at least 33.6% for the whole year data and at least 37% for the ramp events. Moreover, the distributional forecast in terms of the continuous rank probability score (CRPS) is improved by at least 35.8% for the whole year data and at least 35.2% for the ramp events. 
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  4. Dispersed computing is a new resource-centric computing paradigm, which makes use of idle resources in the network to complete the tasks. Effectively allocating tasks between task nodes and networked computation points (NCPs) is a critical factor for maximizing the performance of dispersed computing. Due to the heterogeneity of nodes and the priority requirements of tasks, it brings great challenges to the task allocation in dispersed computing. In this paper, we propose a task allocation model based on incomplete preference list. The requirements and permissions of task nodes and NCPs are quantitatively measured through the preference list. In the model, the task completion rate, response time, and communication distance are taken as three optimizing parameters. To solve this NP-hard optimization problem, we develop a new many-to-many matching algorithm based on incomplete preference list. The unilateral optimal and stable solution of the model are obtained. Taking into account the needs for location privacy-preserving, we use the planar Laplace mechanism to produce obfuscated locations instead of real locations. The mechanism satisfies ε-differential privacy. Finally, the efficacy of the proposed model is demonstrated through extensive numerical analysis. Particularly, when the number of task nodes and NCPs reaches 1:2, the task completion rate can reach 99.33%. 
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