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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available May 1, 2023
  2. Zhu, Ning Hua ; Hofmann, Werner H. ; He, Jian-Jun (Ed.)
    Mid-infrared semiconductor lasers have a wide range of applications in gas sensing, environmental monitoring, medical diagnosis and other fields. The V-coupled cavity laser (VCCL) approach has been successfully applied in the communication band to achieve single-mode operation with a wide tuning range because of its advantages of no grating, compact structure and simple wavelength control. In this paper, the concept of V-coupled cavity is introduced to the interband cascaded lasers, and a monolithically integrated mid-infrared widely tunable single-mode laser is developed. In addition, we experimentally demonstrated a simple and general algorithm for wavelength tuning controlled by two electrodes synchronously, and realized quasi-continuous tuning of single-mode wavelength in mid-infrared interband cascade laser based on the V-coupled cavity configuration for the first time. In the tuning process, the injection current of the short cavity remains unchanged, and the stepped increase of the long cavity current is equivalent to the realization of discrete tuning with the channel spacing of 1.1 nm determined by the short cavity. With the increase of the injection current of the coupler electrode while fixing the long cavity current, the thermo-optic effect caused by the coupler current will cause the refractive index of the two FP cavities to changemore »together, thus realizing the fine tuning of the laser wavelength. A total tuning range of 53.2 nm has been achieved, from 2.8244 μm to 2.8776 μm, with the temperature adjusted from 110K to 120K.« less
  3. InAs-based interband cascade lasers (ICLs) can be more easily adapted toward long wavelength operation than their GaSb counterparts. Devices made from two recent ICL wafers with an advanced waveguide structure are reported, which demonstrate improved device performance in terms of reduced threshold current densities for ICLs near 11  μm or extended operating wavelength beyond 13  μm. The ICLs near 11  μm yielded a significantly reduced continuous wave (cw) lasing threshold of 23 A/cm2at 80 K with substantially increased cw output power, compared with previously reported ICLs at similar wavelengths. ICLs made from the second wafer incorporated an innovative quantum well active region, comprised of InAsP layers, and lased in the pulsed-mode up to 120 K at 13.2  μm, which is the longest wavelength achieved for III–V interband lasers.

    Free, publicly-accessible full text available February 28, 2023
  4. We demonstrate widely tunable single-mode V-coupled-cavity lasers emitting at wavelengths near 3 µm based on a type-II interband cascade (IC) structure. The mode selection is achieved using a half-wave V-coupler designed for the IC structure in the mid-infrared range. The laser waveguides and cavity structure are deeply etched in a single etching step, without any grating. By changing the injection current at a fixed heat-sink temperature, a tuning range over 35 nm can be achieved with a side-mode suppression-ratio up to 28 dB. The tuning range can be extended to 60 nm when combined with the adjustments of the heat-sink temperature.

  5. InAs-based interband cascade (IC) lasers with improved optical confinement have achieved high-temperature operation with a threshold current density as low as 333 A/cm2 at 300 K for emission at 6003 nm. The threshold current density is the lowest ever reported among semiconductor mid-infrared lasers at similar wavelengths. These InAs-based IC devices lased in pulsed mode at temperatures up to 357 K near 6.28 μm. A narrow-ridge device was able to operate in continuous-wave mode at temperatures up to 293 K at 6.01 μm.