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  6. Abstract The Majorana Demonstrator comprises two arrays of high-purity germanium detectors constructed to search for neutrinoless double-beta decay in 76 Ge and other physics beyond the Standard Model. Its readout electronics were designed to have low electronic noise, and radioactive backgrounds were minimized by using low-mass components and low-radioactivity materials near the detectors. This paper provides a description of all components of the Majorana Demonstrator readout electronics, spanning the front-end electronics and internal cabling, back-end electronics, digitizer, and power supplies, along with the grounding scheme. The spectroscopic performance achieved with these readout electronics is also demonstrated.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available May 1, 2023
  7. Abstract We present the analysis and results of the first datasetcollected with the MARS neutron detectordeployed at the Oak Ridge NationalLaboratory Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) for the purpose ofmonitoring and characterizing the beam-related neutron (BRN) backgroundfor the COHERENT collaboration. MARS was positionednext to the COH-CsI coherent elastic neutrino-nucleus scattering detectorin the SNS basement corridor. This is the basement location ofclosest proximity to the SNS target and thus, of highest neutrino flux,but it is also well shielded from the BRN flux by infill concreteand gravel. These data show the detector registered roughly one BRN per day.Using MARS' measured detection efficiency, the incomingBRN flux is estimated to be 1.20 ± 0.56 neutrons/m^2/MWhfor neutron energies above ∼3.5 MeV and up to a few tens of MeV.We compare our results with previous BRN measurements in the SNS basement corridorreported by other neutron detectors.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available March 1, 2023
  8. The spindle shows remarkable diversity, and changes in an integrated fashion, as cells vary over evolution. Here, we provide a mechanistic explanation for variations in the first mitotic spindle in nematodes. We used a combination of quantitative genetics and biophysics to rule out broad classes of models of the regulation of spindle length and dynamics, and to establish the importance of a balance of cortical pulling forces acting in different directions. These experiments led us to construct a model of cortical pulling forces in which the stoichiometric interactions of microtubules and force generators (each force generator can bind only one microtubule), is key to explaining the dynamics of spindle positioning and elongation, and spindle final length and scaling with cell size. This model accounts for variations in all the spindle traits we studied here, both within species and across nematode species spanning over 100 million years of evolution.
  9. Free, publicly-accessible full text available January 1, 2023