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  1. Abstract This work reports large-scale calculations of electron excitation effective collision strengths and transition rates for a wide range of Sc ii spectral lines for astrophysical analysis and modeling. The present results are important for reliable abundance determinations in various astrophysical objects, including metal-poor stars, H ii regions, and gaseous nebulae. Accurate descriptions of the target wave functions and adequate accounts of the various interactions between the target levels are of primary importance for calculations of collision and radiative parameters. The target wave functions have been determined by a combination of the multiconfiguration Hartree–Fock and B-spline box-based close-coupling methods, togethermore »with the nonorthogonal orbitals technique. The calculations of the collision strengths have been performed using the B-spline Breit–Pauli R-matrix method. The close-coupling expansion includes 145 fine-structure levels of Sc ii belonging to the terms of the 3 p 6 3 d 2 , 3 p 6 3 d 4 l ( l = 0–3), 3 p 6 3 d 5 l ( l = 0–3), 3 p 6 3 d 6 s , 3 p 6 4 s 2 , 3 p 6 4 s 4 l ( l = 0–3), 3 p 6 4 s 5 l ( l = 0–1), and 3 p 6 4 p 2 configurations. The effective collision strengths are reported as a function of electron temperature in the range from 10 3 to 10 5 K. The collision and radiative rates are reported for all of the possible transitions between the 145 fine-structure levels. Striking discrepancies exist with the previous R-matrix calculations of the effective collision strengths for the majority of the transitions, indicating possible systematic errors in these calculations. Thus, there is a need for accurate calculations to reduce the uncertainties in the atomic data. The likely uncertainties in our effective collision strengths and radiative parameters have been assessed by means of comparisons with other collision calculations and available experimental radiative parameters.« less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available March 30, 2023
  2. The B-spline R-matrix method is used to investigate the photoionization of neutral iron from the ground and excited states in the energy region from the ionization thresholds to 2 Ry. The multiconfiguration Hartree-Fock method in connection with adjustable configuration expansions and term-dependent orbitals is employed for an accurate representation of the initial states of Fe I and the target wave functions of Fe II. The close-coupling expansion contains 261 LS states of Fe II and includes all levels of the 3d^6 4s, 3d^5 4s^2, 3d^7, 3d^6 4p, and 3d^5 4s4p configurations. Full inclusion of all terms from the principal configurationsmore »considerably changes both the lowenergy resonance structure and the energy dependence of the background cross sections. Partial cross sections are analyzed in detail to clarify the most important scattering channels. Comparison with other calculations is used to place uncertainty bounds on our final photoionization cross sections and to assess the likely uncertainties in the existing data sets.« less