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  1. Current best practices for the assessment of the cyclic response of plastic silts are centered on the careful sampling and cyclic testing of natural, intact specimens. Side-by-side evaluation of in-situ and laboratory element test responses are severely limited, despite the need to establish similarities and differences in their characteristics. In this paper, a coordinated laboratory and field-testing campaign that was undertaken to compare the strain-controlled cyclic response of a plastic silt deposit at the Port of Longview, Longview, WA is described. Following a discussion of the subsurface conditions at one of several test panels, the responses of laboratory test specimensmore »to resonant column and cyclic torsional shear testing, and constant-volume, strain-controlled cyclic direct simple shear testing are described in terms of shear modulus nonlinearity and degradation, and excess pore pressure generation with shear strain. Several months earlier, the in-situ cyclic response of the same deposit was investigated by applying a range of shear strain amplitudes using a large mobile shaker. The in-situ response is presented and compared to the laboratory test results, highlighting similarities and differences arising from differences in mechanical (e.g., constant-volume shearing; strain rate-effects) and hydraulic (e.g., local drainage) boundary conditions and the spatial variability of natural soil deposits.« less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available May 1, 2023
  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available January 1, 2023
  3. Rauch, W Liu (Ed.)
    Water contamination by nitrogen and phosphorus ions has a direct consequence of eutrophication to the ecosystem. The objective of this study is to investigate the production of hydrochars by acetic acid or sodium hydroxide assisted hydrothermal carbonization (HTC), various activation methods, and the potential of hydrochar as an adsorbent to remove NH4+-N and PO43--P from wastewater. The results showed that acetic acid or sodium hydroxide assisted HTC and activation with magnesium chloride or air could improve the surface properties of hydrochar. Acetic acid modification generated extensive oxygenated functional groups, while sodium hydroxide modification produced hydrochar with a high N/C ratiomore »and surface aromaticity. Treating hydrochar with magnesium chloride could impregnate nano-magnesium particles on the hydrochar, thereby improving the ability to remove N and P. Air activation of hydrochar resulted in more oxygen containing functional groups. The NH4+-N and PO43--P adsorption capacities of these hydrochars ranged from 92.6 to 122.4mg/g and 1.6 to 15.8mg/g, respectively. The adsorption capacity of hydrochars in swine wastewater is similar to the results of artificial wastewater. The results suggested that Mg-nanoparticle dispersion and oxygen-containing functional groups played a major role in adsorption than ion exchange and physisorption.« less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available October 1, 2022
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  7. The serpentine integrated grating spectrometer uses a meandering delay line and outcoupling grating rows to implement a crossed-dispersion wide-bandwidth integrated spectrometer with resolving power of 10 5 and 10 4 spectral bins in a few cm 3 volume.
  8. Diamond grit is widely used in cutting, grinding, and polishing tools for its superior mechanical properties and performance in machining hard materials. Selective laser brazing (SLB) of diamond grits is a new additive manufacturing technique that has great potential to fabricate the next generation of high-performance diamond tools. However, fundamental understanding and quantitative analysis for the design and tuning of the SLB process and the resulting bonding efficiency are not yet established as the process is complicated by heating, fusion, wetting, solidification, grit migration, bonding, reaction, and the interplay between these effects. We present a thermodynamically consistent phase-field theoretical modelmore »for the prediction of melting and wetting of SLB on diamond grits using a powder-based additive manufacturing technique. The melting dynamics is driven by laser heating in a chamber filled with argon gas and is coupled with the motion of multiple three-phase contact lines. The relevant wetting dynamics, interfacial morphology, and temperature distribution are computationally resolved in a simplified two-dimensional (2D) configuration.« less