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    Very-high-energy (VHE) photons around TeV energies from a gamma-ray burst (GRB) jet will play an essential role in the multimessenger era, with a fair fraction of the events being observed off-axis to the jet. We show that different energy photons (MeV and TeV photons in particular) arrive from different emission zones for off-axis observers even if the emission radius is the same. The location of the emission region depends on the jet structure of the surface brightness, and the structures are generally different at different energies, mainly due to the attenuation of VHE photons by electron–positron pair creation. This off-axis zone-shift effect does not justify the usual assumption of the one emission zone at a certain radius and also produces a time delay of VHE photons comparable to the GRB duration, which is crucial for future VHE observations, such as by the Cherenkov Telescope Array.

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  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available July 23, 2024
  3. Free, publicly-accessible full text available June 15, 2024

    Very high energy (VHE) γ-rays ($\gtrsim\!\! 0.1\rm ~TeV$) and neutrinos are crucial for identifying accelerators of ultra-high-energy cosmic rays (UHECRs), but this is challenging especially for UHECR nuclei. In this work, we develop a numerical code to solve the transport equation for UHECRs and their secondaries, where both nuclear and electromagnetic cascades are taken into account self-consistently, considering steady UHECR accelerators such as radio galaxies. In particular, we focus on Centaurus A, which has been proposed as one of the most promising UHECR sources in the local Universe. Motivated by observations of extended VHE γ-ray emission from its kiloparsec-scale jet by the High Energy Stereoscopic System (H.E.S.S.), we study interactions between UHECRs accelerated in the large-scale jet and various target photon fields including blazar-like beamed core emission, and present a quantitative study on VHE γ-ray signatures of UHECR nuclei, including the photodisintegration and Bethe–Heitler pair production processes. We show that VHE γ-rays from UHECR nuclei could be detected by the ground-based γ-ray telescopes given that the dominant composition of UHECRs consists of intermediate-mass (such as oxygen) nuclei.

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    Magnetars have been considered as progenitors of magnetar giant flares (MGFs) and fast radio bursts (FRBs). We present detailed studies on afterglow emissions caused by bursts that occur in their wind nebulae and surrounding baryonic ejecta. In particular, following the bursts-in-bubble model, we analytically and numerically calculate spectra and light curves of such afterglow emission. We scan parameter space for the detectability of radio signals, and find that a burst with ∼1045 erg is detectable with the Very Large Array or other next-generation radio facilities. The detection of multiwavelength afterglow emission from MGFs and/or FRBs is of great significance for their localization and revealing their progenitors, and we estimate the number of detectable afterglow events.

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  6. Free, publicly-accessible full text available April 16, 2024
  7. Free, publicly-accessible full text available March 1, 2024