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  1. Abstract

    We introduce the concept of decision‐focused surrogate modeling for solving computationally challenging nonlinear optimization problems in real‐time settings. The proposed data‐driven framework seeks to learn a simpler, for example, convex, surrogate optimization model that is trained to minimize thedecision prediction error, which is defined as the difference between the optimal solutions of the original and the surrogate optimization models. The learning problem, formulated as a bilevel program, can be viewed as a data‐driven inverse optimization problem to which we apply a decomposition‐based solution algorithm from previous work. We validate our framework through numerical experiments involving the optimization of common nonlinear chemical processes such as chemical reactors, heat exchanger networks, and material blending systems. We also present a detailed comparison of decision‐focused surrogate modeling with standard data‐driven surrogate modeling methods and demonstrate that our approach is significantly more data‐efficient while producing simple surrogate models with high decision prediction accuracy.

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  2. Abstract

    The recognition of dataset names is a critical task for automatic information extraction in scientific literature, enabling researchers to understand and identify research opportunities. However, existing corpora for dataset mention detection are limited in size and naming diversity. In this paper, we introduce the Dataset Mentions Detection Dataset (DMDD), the largest publicly available corpus for this task. DMDD consists of the DMDD main corpus, comprising 31,219 scientific articles with over 449,000 dataset mentions weakly annotated in the format of in-text spans, and an evaluation set, which comprises 450 scientific articles manually annotated for evaluation purposes. We use DMDD to establish baseline performance for dataset mention detection and linking. By analyzing the performance of various models on DMDD, we are able to identify open problems in dataset mention detection. We invite the community to use our dataset as a challenge to develop novel dataset mention detection models.

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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available September 19, 2024
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