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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available August 1, 2024
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  3. The first phthalocyanine-manganese–oxo intermediate was successfully generated by visible-light photolysis of chlorate or nitrite manganese( iii ) precursors, and its reactivity towards organic substrates was kinetically probed and compared with other related porphyrin-metal–oxo intermediates. 
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available May 25, 2024
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  5. Abstract

    High-throughput experimentation (HTE) is an increasingly important tool in reaction discovery. While the hardware for running HTE in the chemical laboratory has evolved significantly in recent years, there remains a need for software solutions to navigate data-rich experiments. Here we have developed phactor™, a software that facilitates the performance and analysis of HTE in a chemical laboratory. phactor™ allows experimentalists to rapidly design arrays of chemical reactions or direct-to-biology experiments in 24, 96, 384, or 1,536 wellplates. Users can access online reagent data, such as a chemical inventory, to virtually populate wells with experiments and produce instructions to perform the reaction array manually, or with the assistance of a liquid handling robot. After completion of the reaction array, analytical results can be uploaded for facile evaluation, and to guide the next series of experiments. All chemical data, metadata, and results are stored in machine-readable formats that are readily translatable to various software. We also demonstrate the use of phactor™ in the discovery of several chemistries, including the identification of a low micromolar inhibitor of the SARS-CoV-2 main protease. Furthermore, phactor™ has been made available for free academic use in 24- and 96-well formats via an online interface.

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  6. Free, publicly-accessible full text available January 2, 2024
  7. Topological defects are a ubiquitous phenomenon across different physical systems. A better understanding of defects can be helpful in elucidating the physical behaviors of many real materials systems. In nematic liquid crystals, defects exhibit unique optical signatures and can segregate impurities, showing their promise as molecular carriers and nano-reactors. Continuum theory and simulations have been successfully applied to link static and dynamical behaviors of topological defects to the material constants of the underlying nematic. However, further evidence and molecular details are still lacking. Here we perform molecular dynamics simulations of Gay–Berne particles, a model nematic, to examine the molecular structures and dynamics of +1/2 defects in a thin-film nematic. Specifically, we measure the bend-to-splay ratio K 3 / K 1 using two independent, indirect measurements, showing good agreement. Next, we study the annihilation event of a pair of ±1/2 defects, of which the trajectories are consistent with experiments and hydrodynamic simulations. We further examine the thermodynamics of defect annihilation in an NVE ensemble, leading us to correctly estimate the elastic modulus by using the energy conservation law. Finally, we explore effects of defect annihilation in regions of nonuniform temperature within these coarse-grained molecular models which cannot be analysed by existing continuum level simulations. We find that +1/2 defects tend to move toward hotter areas and their change of speed in a temperature gradient can be quantitatively understood through a term derived from the temperature dependence of the elastic modulus. As such, our work has provided molecular insights into structures and dynamics of topological defects, presented unique and accessible methods to measure elastic constants by inspecting defects, and proposed an alternative control parameter of defects using temperature gradient. 
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available January 18, 2024
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