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Creators/Authors contains: "Zhao, Yong"

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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available September 7, 2023
  2. Abstract

    Semiconductor device technology has greatly developed in complexity since discovering the bipolar transistor. In this work, we developed a computational pipeline to discover stable semiconductors by combining generative adversarial networks (GAN), classifiers, and high-throughput first-principles calculations. We used CubicGAN, a GAN-based algorithm for generating cubic materials and developed a classifier to screen the semiconductors and studied their stability using first principles. We found 12 stable AA$${}^{\prime}$$MH6semiconductors in the F-43m space group including BaNaRhH6, BaSrZnH6, BaCsAlH6, SrTlIrH6, KNaNiH6, NaYRuH6, CsKSiH6, CaScMnH6, YZnMnH6, NaZrMnH6, AgZrMnH6, and ScZnMnH6. Previous research reported that five AA$${}^{\prime}$$IrH6 semiconductors with the same space group were synthesized. Our research shows that AA$${}^{\prime}$$MnH6and NaYRuH6semiconductors have considerably different properties compared to the rest of the AA$${}^{\prime}$$MH6semiconductors. Based on the accurate hybrid functional calculations, AA$${}^{\prime}$$MH6semiconductors are found to be wide-bandgap semiconductors. Moreover, BaSrZnH6and KNaNiH6are direct-bandgap semiconductors, whereas others exhibit indirect bandgaps.

  3. Free, publicly-accessible full text available April 1, 2023
  4. Abstract

    The availability and easy access of large-scale experimental and computational materials data have enabled the emergence of accelerated development of algorithms and models for materials property prediction, structure prediction, and generative design of materials. However, the lack of user-friendly materials informatics web servers has severely constrained the wide adoption of such tools in the daily practice of materials screening, tinkering, and design space exploration by materials scientists. Herein we first survey current materials informatics web apps and then propose and develop, a web-based materials informatics toolbox for materials discovery, which includes a variety of routinely needed tools for exploratory materials discovery, including material’s composition and structure validity check (e.g. charge neutrality, electronegativity balance, dynamic stability, Pauling rules), materials property prediction (e.g. band gap, elastic moduli, hardness, and thermal conductivity), search for hypothetical materials, and utility tools. These user-friendly tools can be freely accessed at We argue that such materials informatics apps should be widely developed by the community to speed up materials discovery processes.

  5. Two-dimensional (2D) materials have emerged as promising functional materials with many applications such as semiconductors and photovoltaics because of their unique optoelectronic properties. Although several thousand 2D materials have been screened in existing materials databases, discovering new 2D materials remains challenging. Herein, we propose a deep learning generative model for composition generation combined with a random forest-based 2D materials classifier to discover new hypothetical 2D materials. Furthermore, a template-based element substitution structure prediction approach is developed to predict the crystal structures of a subset of the newly predicted hypothetical formulas, which allows us to confirm their structure stability using DFT calculations. So far, we have discovered 267 489 new potential 2D materials compositions, where 1485 probability scores are more then 0.95. Among them, we have predicted 101 crystal structures and confirmed 92 2D/layered materials by DFT formation energy calculation. Our results show that generative machine learning models provide an effective way to explore the vast chemical design space for new 2D materials discovery.