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  1. The Quantum Instrumentation Control Kit (QICK) is a standalone open-source qubit controller that was first introduced in 2022. In this follow-up work, we present recent upgrades to the QICK and the experimental use cases they uniquely enabled for superconducting qubit systems. These include multiplexed signal generation and readout, mixer-free readout, predistorted fast flux pulses, and phase-coherent pulses for parametric operations, including high-fidelity parametric entangling gates. We explain in detail how the QICK was used to enable these experiments. 
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available March 20, 2025
  2. A linear-quadratic optimal control problem for a forward stochastic Volterra integral equation (FSVIE) is considered. Under the usual convexity conditions, open-loop optimal control exists, which can be characterized by the optimality system, a coupled system of an FSVIE and a type-II backward SVIE (BSVIE). To obtain a causal state feedback representation for the open-loop optimal control, a path-dependent Riccati equation for an operator-valued function is introduced, via which the optimality system can be decoupled. In the process of decoupling, a type-III BSVIE is introduced whose adapted solution can be used to represent the adapted M-solution of the corresponding type-II BSVIE. Under certain conditions, it is proved that the path-dependent Riccati equation admits a unique solution, which means that the decoupling field for the optimality system is found. Therefore, a causal state feedback representation of the open-loop optimal control is constructed. An additional interesting finding is that when the control only appears in the diffusion term, not in the drift term of the state system, the causal state feedback reduces to a Markovian state feedback. 
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available August 31, 2024
  3. The exchange bias effect is the physical cornerstone of applications, such as spin valves, ultra-high-density data storage, and magnetic tunnel junctions. This work studied the room temperature exchange bias effect by constructing a Ni50Mn38Sb12−xGax alloy system with coexisting martensitic phase structures. The study found that the exchange bias effect shows a non-monotonic change with the variation of Ga composition at 300 K, and an obvious room temperature exchange bias effect appears in the alloys with coexisting phase structures of 4O and L10, which is due to the strong exchange coupling between ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic. Further research on the exchange bias effect and temperature shows that the blocking temperature is 420 K, and the exchange bias can stably exist in a temperature range of ∼200 K around room temperature. This work provides a method to engineer exchange bias effects at room temperature.

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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 4, 2024
  4. Abstract

    One of the primary challenges in realizing large-scale quantum processors is the realization of qubit couplings that balance interaction strength, connectivity, and mode confinement. Moreover, it is very desirable for the device elements to be detachable, allowing components to be built, tested, and replaced independently. In this work, we present a microwave quantum state router, centered on parametrically driven, Josephson-junction based three-wave mixing, that realizes all-to-all couplings among four detachable quantum modules. We demonstrate coherent exchange among all four communication modes, with an average full-iSWAP time of 764 ns and average inferred inter-module exchange fidelity of 0.969, limited by mode coherence. We also demonstrate photon transfer and pairwise entanglement between module qubits, and parallel operation of simultaneousiSWAP exchange across the router. Our router-module architecture serves as a prototype of modular quantum computer that has great potential for enabling flexible, demountable, large-scale quantum networks of superconducting qubits and cavities.

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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 1, 2024