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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available April 16, 2024
  2. We constructed the magnetic field-temperature phase diagrams of new quasi-two-dimensional isosceles triangular lattice antiferromagnets (TLAF) Ca 3 MNb 2 O 9 (M=Co, Ni) from dc and ac magnetic susceptibilities, specific heat, dielectric constant, and electric polarization measurements on single crystalline samples. Ca 3 CoNb 2 O 9 with effective spin-1/2 Co 2+ ions undergoes a two-step antiferromagnetic phase transition at T N1 = 1.3 K and T N2 = 1.5 K and enters a stripe ordered state at zero magnetic field. With increasing field, successive magnetic phase transitions, reminiscent of the up-up-down ( uud ) and the oblique phases, are observed. The dielectric constant of Ca 3 CoNb 2 O 9 shows anomalies related to the magnetic phase transitions, but clear evidence of ferroelectricity is absent. Meanwhile, Ca 3 NiNb 2 O 9 with spin-1 Ni 2+ ions also shows a two-step antiferromagnetic transition at T N1 = 3.8 K and T N2 = 4.2 K at zero field. For Ca 3 NiNb 2 O 9 , the electric polarization in the magnetic ordered phases was clearly observed from the pyroelectric current measurements, which indicates its coexistence of magnetic ordering and ferroelectricity. 
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  3. Developing low-cost and multiplexing electrochemical (EC) devices for bioassay is imperative. Herein, a polymer-based EC device, named EC 6-well plate, was proposed and fabricated using a non-photolithography method. Polyethylene terephthalate glycol (PETG) was used as a substrate and laser-cut polyester (PET) film was used as a mask for patterning the electrodes. The diameter of the working electrode (WE) was 900 μ m, and each WE-modifying step only requires 1 μ l of reagent. Acrylic mold with wells (60 μ l) was bonded to the PETG substrate. Miniaturization of reference electrodes (RE) was discussed. The solid-state Ag/AgCl RE-based three-electrode system, the Au three-electrode system (3E), and Au two-electrode system (2E) were prepared and employed to develop an immunosensor for toxin B detection. Differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) were applied to test the stability of the EC immunosensor. The solid-state Ag/AgCl RE-based system showed a standard deviation of open circuit potential (OCP) of 4.6 mV. The 3E system and 2E system showed the standard deviations of OCP of 0.0026 mV and 0.32 mV, respectively. It revealed that the EC 6-well plate with the 3E system is excellent for developing an EC immunosensor. 
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  4. We combine state-of-the-art oxide epitaxial growth by hybrid molecular beam epitaxy with transport, x-ray photoemission, and surface diffraction, along with classical and first-principles quantum mechanical modeling to investigate the nuances of insulating layer formation in otherwise high-mobility homoepitaxial n-SrTiO 3 (001) films. Our analysis points to charge immobilization at the buried n-SrTiO 3 /undoped SrTiO 3 (001) interface as well as within the surface contamination layer resulting from air exposure as the drivers of electronic dead-layer formation. As Fermi level equilibration occurs at the surface and the buried interface, charge trapping reduces the sheet carrier density ( n 2 D ) and renders the n-STO film insulating if n 2 D falls below the critical value for the metal-to-insulator transition. 
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