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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available September 1, 2024
  2. The NUMA architecture accommodates the hardware trend of an increasing number of CPU cores. It requires the coop- eration of memory allocators to achieve good performance for multithreaded applications. Unfortunately, existing allo- cators do not support NUMA architecture well. This paper presents a novel memory allocator – NUMAlloc , that is de- signed for the NUMA architecture. NUMAlloc is centered on a binding-based memory management. On top of it, NUMAl- loc proposes an “origin-aware memory management” to ensure the locality of memory allocations and deallocations, as well as a method called “incremental sharing” to balance the performance benefits and memory overhead of using transparent huge pages. According to our extensive evalua- tion, NUMAlloc hasthebestperformanceamongallevaluated allocators, running 15.7% faster than the second-best allo- cator (mimalloc), and 20.9% faster than the default Linux allocator with reasonable memory overhead. NUMAlloc is also scalable to 128 threads and is ready for deployment. 
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available June 18, 2024
  3. Free, publicly-accessible full text available May 10, 2024
  4. Free, publicly-accessible full text available June 1, 2024
  5. Abstract Charge transport in organic molecular crystals (OMCs) is conventionally categorized into two limiting regimes − band transport, characterized by weak electron-phonon (e-ph) interactions, and charge hopping due to localized polarons formed by strong e-ph interactions. However, between these two limiting cases there is a less well understood intermediate regime where polarons are present but transport does not occur via hopping. Here we show a many-body first-principles approach that can accurately predict the carrier mobility in this intermediate regime and shed light on its microscopic origin. Our approach combines a finite-temperature cumulant method to describe strong e-ph interactions with Green-Kubo transport calculations. We apply this parameter-free framework to naphthalene crystal, demonstrating electron mobility predictions within a factor of 1.5−2 of experiment between 100 and 300 K. Our analysis reveals the formation of a broad polaron satellite peak in the electron spectral function and the failure of the Boltzmann equation in the intermediate regime. 
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  6. Abstract Objective Modern healthcare data reflect massive multi-level and multi-scale information collected over many years. The majority of the existing phenotyping algorithms use case–control definitions of disease. This paper aims to study the time to disease onset and progression and identify the time-varying risk factors that drive them. Materials and Methods We developed an algorithmic approach to phenotyping the incidence of diseases by consolidating data sources from the UK Biobank (UKB), including primary care electronic health records (EHRs). We focused on defining events, event dates, and their censoring time, including relevant terms and existing phenotypes, excluding generic, rare, or semantically distant terms, forward-mapping terminology terms, and expert review. We applied our approach to phenotyping diabetes complications, including a composite cardiovascular disease (CVD) outcome, diabetic kidney disease (DKD), and diabetic retinopathy (DR), in the UKB study. Results We identified 49 049 participants with diabetes. Among them, 1023 had type 1 diabetes (T1D), and 40 193 had type 2 diabetes (T2D). A total of 23 833 diabetes subjects had linked primary care records. There were 3237, 3113, and 4922 patients with CVD, DKD, and DR events, respectively. The risk prediction performance for each outcome was assessed, and our results are consistent with the prediction area under the ROC (receiver operating characteristic) curve (AUC) of standard risk prediction models using cohort studies. Discussion and Conclusion Our publicly available pipeline and platform enable streamlined curation of incidence events, identification of time-varying risk factors underlying disease progression, and the definition of a relevant cohort for time-to-event analyses. These important steps need to be considered simultaneously to study disease progression. 
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