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  1. Abstract The microscopic origins of emergent behaviours in condensed matter systems are encoded in their excitations. In ordinary magnetic materials, single spin-flips give rise to collective dipolar magnetic excitations called magnons. Likewise, multiple spin-flips can give rise to multipolar magnetic excitations in magnetic materials with spin S ≥ 1. Unfortunately, since most experimental probes are governed by dipolar selection rules, collective multipolar excitations have generally remained elusive. For instance, only dipolar magnetic excitations have been observed in isotropic S = 1 Haldane spin systems. Here, we unveil a hidden quadrupolar constituent of the spin dynamics in antiferromagnetic S = 1 Haldane chain material Y 2 BaNiOmore »5 using Ni L 3 -edge resonant inelastic x-ray scattering. Our results demonstrate that pure quadrupolar magnetic excitations can be probed without direct interactions with dipolar excitations or anisotropic perturbations. Originating from on-site double spin-flip processes, the quadrupolar magnetic excitations in Y 2 BaNiO 5 show a remarkable dual nature of collective dispersion. While one component propagates as non-interacting entities, the other behaves as a bound quadrupolar magnetic wave. This result highlights the rich and largely unexplored physics of higher-order magnetic excitations.« less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 1, 2023
  2. Abstract
    <p>Data files for the manuscript &#34;Quadrupolar magnetic excitations in an isotropic spin-1 antiferromagnet&#34;.</p> <p>Reference: A. Nag, A. Nocera, S. Agrestini, M. Garcia-Fernandez, A. C. Walters, Sang-Wook Cheong, S. Johnston, and Ke-Jin Zhou, &#34;Quadrupolar magnetic excitations in an isotropic spin-1 antiferromagnet&#34;. arXiv:2111.03625 (2021).</p> <p>Preprint: arXiv:2111.03625 (2021), URL: https://arxiv.org/abs/2111.03625</p>
  3. Free, publicly-accessible full text available March 1, 2023
  4. We explore the existence of the collective orbital excitations, orbitons, in the canonical orbital system KCuF3 using the Cu L3-edge resonant inelastic x-ray scattering. We show that the nondispersive highenergy peaks result from the Cu2þ dd orbital excitations. These high-energy modes display good agreement with the ab initio quantum chemistry calculation, indicating that the dd excitations are highly localized. At the same time, the low-energy excitations present clear dispersion. They match extremely well with the two-spinon continuum following the comparison with Müller ansatz calculations. The localized dd excitations and the observation of the strongly dispersive magnetic excitations suggest that themore »orbiton dispersion is below the resolution detection limit. Our results can reconcile with the strong local Jahn-Teller effect in KCuF3, which predominantly drives orbital ordering.« less