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  1. Abstract A magnon and a phonon are the quanta of spin wave and lattice wave, respectively, and they can hybridize into a magnon polaron when their frequencies and wavenumbers match close enough the values at the exceptional point. Guided by an analytically calculated magnon polaron dispersion, dynamical phase-field simulations are performed to investigate the effects of magnon polaron formation on the attenuation of a bulk acoustic wave in a magnetic insulator film. It is shown that a stronger magnon–phonon coupling leads to a larger attenuation. The simulations also demonstrate the existence of a minimum magnon–phonon interaction time required for the magnon polaron formation, which is found to decrease with the magnetoelastic coupling coefficient but increase with the magnetic damping coefficient. These results deepen the understanding of the mechanisms of acoustic attenuation in magnetic crystals and provide insights into the design of new-concept spin interconnects that operate based on acoustically driven magnon propagation. 
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available January 9, 2024
  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available June 14, 2024
  3. Abstract

    Excitation of coherent high-frequency magnons (quanta of spin waves) is critical to the development of high-speed magnonic devices. Here we computationally demonstrate the excitation of coherent sub-terahertz (THz) magnons in ferromagnetic (FM) and antiferromagnetic (AFM) thin films by a photoinduced picosecond acoustic pulse. Analytical calculations are also performed to reveal the magnon excitation mechanism. Through spin pumping and spin-charge conversion, these magnons can inject sub-THz charge current into an adjacent heavy-metal film which in turn emits electromagnetic (EM) waves. Using a dynamical phase-field model that considers the coupled dynamics of acoustic waves, spin waves, and EM waves, we show that the emitted EM wave retains the spectral information of all the sub-THz magnon modes and has a sufficiently large amplitude for near-field detection. These predictions indicate that the excitation and detection of sub-THz magnons can be realized in rationally designed FM or AFM thin-film heterostructures via ultrafast optical-pump THz-emission-probe spectroscopy.

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  4. null (Ed.)
    Abstract Room-temperature skyrmions in magnetic multilayers are considered to be promising candidates for the next-generation spintronic devices. Several approaches have been developed to control skyrmions, but they either cause significant heat dissipation or require ultrahigh electric fields near the breakdown threshold. Here, we demonstrate electric-field control of skyrmions through strain-mediated magnetoelectric coupling in ferromagnetic/ferroelectric multiferroic heterostructures. We show the process of non-volatile creation of multiple skyrmions, reversible deformation and annihilation of a single skyrmion by performing magnetic force microscopy with in situ electric fields. Strain-induced changes in perpendicular magnetic anisotropy and interfacial Dzyaloshinskii–Moriya interaction strength are characterized experimentally. These experimental results, together with micromagnetic simulations, demonstrate that strain-mediated magnetoelectric coupling (via strain-induced changes in both the perpendicular magnetic anisotropy and interfacial Dzyaloshinskii–Moriya interaction is responsible for the observed electric-field control of skyrmions. Our work provides a platform to investigate electric-field control of skyrmions in multiferroic heterostructures and paves the way towards more energy-efficient skyrmion-based spintronics. 
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  5. Abstract

    Ferroelectric nanotubes offer intriguing opportunities for stabilizing exotic polarization domains and achieving new or enhanced functionalities by tailoring the complex interplay among the geometry, surface effects, crystal symmetry, and more. Here, phase‐field simulations to predict the room‐temperature equilibrium polarization domain structure in (001)pcPbZr0.52Ti0.48O3(PZT) nanotubes are used (pseudocubic (pc)). The simulations incorporate the influence of surface‐tension‐induced strains, which have been ignored in existing computational studies. It is found that (001)pcPZT nanotubes can host a unique class of topological polarization domain structures comprising non‐planar flux‐closures and anti‐flux‐closures that are inaccessible with ferroelectrics of planar geometry (e.g., thin‐films, nanodots). It is shown that surface‐tension‐induced strain is significantly enhanced in thin‐walled nanotubes and thereby can lead to noticeable modulation of the flux closures. Domain stability map as a function of the nanotube wall thickness and height is established. The results provide a basis for geometrical engineering of domain structures and associated functional (e.g., piezoelectric, electrocaloric) responses in ferroelectric nanotubes.

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