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Creators/Authors contains: "van Duin, Adri C. T."

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  1. Abstract

    Reproducible wafer-scale growth of two-dimensional (2D) materials using the Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) process with precise control over their properties is challenging due to a lack of understanding of the growth mechanisms spanning over several length scales and sensitivity of the synthesis to subtle changes in growth conditions. A multiscale computational framework coupling Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), Phase-Field (PF), and reactive Molecular Dynamics (MD) was developed – called the CPM model – and experimentally verified. Correlation between theoretical predictions and thorough experimental measurements for a Metal-Organic CVD (MOCVD)-grown WSe2model material revealed the full power of this computational approach. Large-area uniform 2D materials are synthesized via MOCVD, guided by computational analyses. The developed computational framework provides the foundation for guiding the synthesis of wafer-scale 2D materials with precise control over the coverage, morphology, and properties, a critical capability for fabricating electronic, optoelectronic, and quantum computing devices.

  2. Abstract

    Empirical interatomic potentials require optimization of force field parameters to tune interatomic interactions to mimic ones obtained by quantum chemistry-based methods. The optimization of the parameters is complex and requires the development of new techniques. Here, we propose an INitial-DEsign Enhanced Deep learning-based OPTimization (INDEEDopt) framework to accelerate and improve the quality of the ReaxFF parameterization. The procedure starts with a Latin Hypercube Design (LHD) algorithm that is used to explore the parameter landscape extensively. The LHD passes the information about explored regions to a deep learning model, which finds the minimum discrepancy regions and eliminates unfeasible regions, and constructs a more comprehensive understanding of physically meaningful parameter space. We demonstrate the procedure here for the parameterization of a nickel–chromium binary force field and a tungsten–sulfide–carbon–oxygen–hydrogen quinary force field. We show that INDEEDopt produces improved accuracies in shorter development time compared to the conventional optimization method.

  3. Metallic anodes (lithium, sodium, and zinc) are attractive for rechargeable battery technologies but are plagued by an unfavorable metal–electrolyte interface that leads to nonuniform metal deposition and an unstable solid–electrolyte interphase (SEI). Here we report the use of electrochemically labile molecules to regulate the electrochemical interface and guide even lithium deposition and a stable SEI. The molecule, benzenesulfonyl fluoride, was bonded to the surface of a reduced graphene oxide aerogel. During metal deposition, this labile molecule not only generates a metal-coordinating benzenesulfonate anion that guides homogeneous metal deposition but also contributes lithium fluoride to the SEI to improve Li surface passivation. Consequently, high-efficiency lithium deposition with a low nucleation overpotential was achieved at a high current density of 6.0 mA cm−2. A Li|LiCoO2cell had a capacity retention of 85.3% after 400 cycles, and the cell also tolerated low-temperature (−10 °C) operation without additional capacity fading. This strategy was applied to sodium and zinc anodes as well.