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  1. Abstract

    Many thermodynamic calculations and engineering applications require the temperature-dependent heat capacity (Cp) of a material to be known a priori. First-principle calculations of heat capacities can stand in place of experimental information, but these calculations are costly and expensive. Here, we report on our creation of a high-throughput supervised machine learning-based tool to predict temperature-dependent heat capacity. We demonstrate that material heat capacity can be correlated to a number of elemental and atomic properties. The machine learning method predicts heat capacity for thousands of compounds in seconds, suggesting facile implementation into integrated computational materials engineering (ICME) processes. In thismore »context, we consider its use to replace Neumann-Kopp predictions as a high-throughput screening tool to help identify new materials as candidates for engineering processes. Also promising is the enhanced speed and performance compared to cation/anion contribution methods at elevated temperatures as well as the ability to improve future predictions as more data are made available. This machine learning method only requires formula inputs when calculating heat capacity and can be completely automated. This is an improvement to common best-practice methods such as cation/anion contributions or mixed-oxide approaches which are limited in application to specific materials and require case-by-case considerations.

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  6. A large collection of element-wise planar densities for compounds obtained from the Materials Project is calculated using brute force computational geometry methods, where the planar density is given by the total fractional area of atoms intersecting a supercell's crystallographic plane divided by the area of the supercell's crystallographic plane. It is demonstrated that the element-wise maximum lattice plane densities can be useful as machine learning features. The methods described here are implemented in an open-source Mathematica package hosted at
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available April 1, 2023
  7. We present Descending from Stochastic Clustering Variance Regression (DiSCoVeR) (, a Python tool for identifying and assessing high-performing, chemically unique compositions relative to existing compounds using a combination of a chemical distance metric, density-aware dimensionality reduction, clustering, and a regression model. In this work, we create pairwise distance matrices between compounds via Element Mover's Distance (ElMD) and use these to create 2D density-aware embeddings for chemical compositions via Density-preserving Uniform Manifold Approximation and Projection (DensMAP). Because ElMD assigns distances between compounds that are more chemically intuitive than Euclidean-based distances, the compounds can then be clustered into chemically homogeneous clusters viamore »Hierarchical Density-based Spatial Clustering of Applications with Noise (HDBSCAN*). In combination with performance predictions via Compositionally-Restricted Attention-Based Network (CrabNet), we introduce several new metrics for materials discovery and validate DiSCoVeR on Materials Project bulk moduli using compound-wise and cluster-wise validation methods. We visualize these via multi-objective Pareto front plots and assign a weighted score to each composition that encompasses the trade-off between performance and density-based chemical uniqueness. In addition to density-based metrics, we explore an additional uniqueness proxy related to property gradients in DensMAP space. As a validation study, we use DiSCoVeR to screen materials for both performance and uniqueness to extrapolate to new chemical spaces. Top-10 rankings are provided for the compound-wise density and property gradient uniqueness proxies. Top-ranked compounds can be further curated via literature searches, physics-based simulations, and/or experimental synthesis. Finally, we compare DiSCoVeR against the naive baseline of random search for several parameter combinations in an adaptive design scheme. To our knowledge, this is the first time automated screening has been performed with explicit emphasis on discovering high-performing, novel materials.« less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available February 7, 2023
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  9. Abstract Our ability to produce and transform engineered materials over the past 150 years is responsible for our high standards of living today, especially in the developed economies. Yet, we must carefully think of the effects our addiction to creating and using materials at this fast rate will have on the future generations. The way we currently make and use materials detrimentally affects the planet Earth, creating many severe environmental problems. It affects the next generations by putting in danger the future of economy, energy, and climate. We are at the point where something must drastically change, and it mustmore »change NOW. We must create more sustainable materials alternatives using natural raw materials and inspiration from Nature while making sure not to deplete important resources, i.e. in competition with the food chain supply. We must use less materials, eliminate the use of toxic materials and create a circular materials economy where reuse and recycle are priorities. We must develop sustainable methods for materials recycling and encourage design for disassembly. We must look across the whole materials life cycle from raw resources till end of life and apply thorough life cycle assessments based on reliable and relevant data to quantify sustainability.« less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available January 25, 2023
  10. Abstract In this paper, we demonstrate an application of the Transformer self-attention mechanism in the context of materials science. Our network, the Compositionally Restricted Attention-Based network (), explores the area of structure-agnostic materials property predictions when only a chemical formula is provided. Our results show that ’s performance matches or exceeds current best-practice methods on nearly all of 28 total benchmark datasets. We also demonstrate how ’s architecture lends itself towards model interpretability by showing different visualization approaches that are made possible by its design. We feel confident that and its attention-based framework will be of keen interest to futuremore »materials informatics researchers.« less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 1, 2022