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An index-based exchange traded fund (ETF) with underlying se- curities that trade on the same market creates potential opportu- nities for arbitrage between price deviations in the ETF and the corresponding index. We examine whether ETF arbitrage trans- mits small volatility events, termed mini flash crashes, from one of its underlying symbols to another. We address this question in an agent-based, simulated market where agents can trade an ETF and its two underlying symbols. We explore multiple market configurations with active and inactive ETF arbitrageurs. Through empirical game-theoretic analysis, we find that when arbitrageurs actively trade, background traders’ surplus increasesmore »Free, publicly-accessible full text available November 3, 2022
Differentially private secure multi-party computation for federated learning in financial applicationsFederated Learning enables a population of clients, working with a trusted server, to collaboratively learn a shared machine learning model while keeping each client's data within its own local systems. This reduces the risk of exposing sensitive data, but it is still possible to reverse engineer information about a client's private data set from communicated model parameters. Most federated learning systems therefore use differential privacy to introduce noise to the parameters. This adds uncertainty to any attempt to reveal private client data, but also reduces the accuracy of the shared model, limiting the useful scale of privacy-preserving noise. A systemmore »
Market simulation is an increasingly important method for evaluating and training trading strategies and testing "what if" scenarios. The extent to which results from these simulations can be trusted depends on how realistic the environment is for the strategies being tested. As a step towards providing benchmarks for realistic simulated markets, we enumerate measurable stylized facts of limit order book (LOB) markets across multiple asset classes from the literature. We apply these metrics to data from real markets and compare the results to data originating from simulated markets. We illustrate their use in five different simulated market configurations: The firstmore »
We introduce ABIDES, an open source Agent-Based Interactive Discrete Event Simulation environment. ABIDES is designed from the ground up to support agent-based research in market applications. While proprietary simulations are available within trading firms, there are no broadly available high-fidelity market simulation environments. ABIDES enables the simulation of tens of thousands of trading agents interacting with an exchange agent to facilitate transactions. It supports configurable pairwise noisy network latency between each individual agent as well as the exchange. Our simulator's message-based design is modeled after NASDAQ's published equity trading protocols ITCH and OUCH. We introduce the design of the simulatormore »
Given only the historic net asset value of a large-cap mutual fund, which members of some universe of stocks are held by the fund? Discovering an exact solution is combinatorially intractable because there are, for example, C(500, 30) or 1.4 × 10^48 possible portfolios of 30 stocks drawn from the S&P 500. The authors extend an existing linear clones approach and introduce a new sequential oscillating selection method to produce a computationally efficient inference. Such techniques could inform efforts to detect fund window dressing of disclosure statements or to adjust market positions in advance of major fund disclosure dates. Themore »