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  1. Abstract

    Rechargeable sodium-ion batteries are receiving intense interest as a promising alternative to lithium-ion batteries, however, the absence of high-performance anode materials limits their further commercialization. Here we prepare cobalt-doped tin disulfide/reduced graphene oxide nanocomposites via a microwave-assisted hydrothermal approach. These nanocomposites maintain a capacity of 636.2 mAh g−1after 120 cycles under a current density of 50 mA g−1, and display a capacity of 328.3 mA h g−1after 1500 cycles under a current density of 2 A g−1. The quantitative capacitive analysis demonstrates that the electrochemical performance of the nanocomposite originates from the combined effects of cobalt and sulfur doping, resulting in the enhanced pseudocapacitive contribution (52.8 to 89.8% at 1 mV s−1) of tin disulfide. This work provides insight into tuning the structure of layered transition metal dichalcogenides via heteroatom doping to develop high-performance anode materials for sodium-ion batteries.

  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available October 1, 2023
  3. Free, publicly-accessible full text available June 1, 2023
  4. Electrospun polyacrylonitrile (PAN) nanofibers integrated with different loadings of the photosensitizer rose bengal (RB) were synthesized for photodynamic inactivation of bacteria. Our results suggest that the ionic strength in the medium does not significantly affect the RB release from the RB-integrated electrospun PAN nanofibers (RBiEPNs), which could release RB effectively in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS), physiological saline (0.85% NaCl), and deionized H 2 O. However, the pH of the medium significantly influenced the release of RB. A larger amount of RB was released in PBS at a higher pH (RB release: pH 9.0 > pH 7.4 > pH 5.0). The RBiEPNs depicted high antimicrobial efficacy against both Gram-negative Escherichia coli ( E. coli ) and Gram-positive Bacillus subtilis ( B. subtilis ) bacteria under white light irradiation. The antimicrobial efficacy was potent and immediate against the bacterial cells, especially B. subtilis . The RBiEPNs containing 0.33 wt% RB demonstrated complete bacterial kills for B. subtilis and E. coli cells with log reductions of 5.76 and 5.94 in 30 s and 40 min, respectively. The generation of intracellular reactive oxygen species (iROS) was examined after white light treatment of the bacterial cells in the presence of the RBiEPNs. A significant correlation wasmore »found between the amount of iROS and the antimicrobial efficacy of the RBiEPNs. The high antimicrobial efficacy could be attributed to several factors, such as the encapsulation efficiency, loading capacity, and RB release behavior of the RBiEPNs, the presence of white light, and the generation of iROS. Taken together, the facile incorporation of a photosensitizer into polymeric nanofibers via blend electrospinning offers a feasible strategy for water disinfection.« less
  5. Herein, we report an effective strategy to maximize the antimicrobial activity of CuWO 4 /CuS hybrid composites, prepared by simply mixing CuWO 4 and CuS nanopowders with varying weight ratios in phosphate buffered saline solution by ultrasound. The tested bacteria included Gram negative (G − ) pathogenic bacteria Salmonella typhi , Gram positive (G + ) pathogenic bacteria Staphylococcus aureus , and G + bacteria Bacillus subtilis . The as-prepared composites exhibited much enhanced antibacterial efficiency compared with individual CuWO 4 and CuS nanopowders under white light irradiation. The checkerboard array analysis revealed that the combination of 8 μg mL −1 CuWO 4 and 2 μg mL −1 CuS was the most efficient and generated the optimal synergistic effect, showing a complete killing effect on all the tested bacteria from 3 strains with ∼5.8 log cell reduction. The significantly enhanced catalytic efficiency can be ascribed to the formation of a type-II heterojunction between CuWO 4 and CuS, which can effectively improve the charge separation efficiency and increase the light absorption. Moreover, the hybrid composites prepared by ultrasound-assisted physical mixing can effectively increase the interface area, which greatly facilitates the charge mobility and transfer in the interfaces between CuWO 4 and CuS.more »This study offers new insights into the integration of different semiconductors to optimize their synergistic effect on antimicrobial activities for water disinfection.« less
  6. Two-dimensional (2D) molybdenum ditelluride (MoTe 2 ) is an interesting material for fundamental study and applications, due to its ability to exist in different polymorphs of 2H, 1T, and 1T′, their phase change behavior, and unique electronic properties. Although much progress has been made in the growth of high-quality flakes and films of 2H and 1T′-MoTe 2 phases, phase-selective growth of all three phases remains a huge challenge, due to the lack of enough information on their growth mechanism. Herein, we present a novel approach to growing films and geometrical-shaped few-layer flakes of 2D 2H-, 1T-, and 1T′-MoTe 2 by atmospheric-pressure chemical vapor deposition (APCVD) and present a thorough understanding of the phase-selective growth mechanism by employing the concept of thermodynamics and chemical kinetics involved in the growth processes. Our approach involves optimization of growth parameters and understanding using thermodynamical software, HSC Chemistry. A lattice strain-mediated mechanism has been proposed to explain the phase selective growth of 2D MoTe 2 , and different chemical kinetics-guided strategies have been developed to grow MoTe 2 flakes and films.