skip to main content

Search for: All records

Award ID contains: 1900966

Note: When clicking on a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) number, you will be taken to an external site maintained by the publisher. Some full text articles may not yet be available without a charge during the embargo (administrative interval).
What is a DOI Number?

Some links on this page may take you to non-federal websites. Their policies may differ from this site.

  1. Dr. Krishna Ganesh (Ed.)
    Nanoscale zero-valent iron nanoparticles (nZVIs) are known to boost biomass production and lipid yield in Fremyella diplosiphon, a model biodiesel-producing cyanobacterium. However, the impact of nZVI-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) in F. diplosiphon has not been evaluated. In the present study, ROS in F. diplosiphon strains (B481-WT and B481-SD) generated in response to nZVI-induced oxidative stress were quantified and the enzymatic response determined. Lipid peroxidation as a measure of oxidative stress revealed significantly higher malondialdehyde content (p < 0.01) in both strains treated with 3.2, 12.8, and 51.2 mg L–1 nZVIs compared to untreated control. In addition, ROS in all nZVI-treated cultures treated with 1.6–25.6 mg L–1 nZVIs was significantly higher than the untreated control as determined by the 2′,7′-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate fluorometric probe. Immunodetection using densitometric analysis of iron superoxide dismutase (SOD) revealed significantly higher SOD levels in both strains treated with nZVIs at 51.2 mg L–1. In addition, we observed significantly higher (p < 0.001) SOD levels in the B481-SD strain treated with 6.4 mg L−1 nZVIs compared to 3.2 mg L–1 nZVIs. Validation using transmission electron microscopy equipped with energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) revealed adsorption of nZVIs with a strong iron peak in both B481-WT and B481-SD strains.more »While the EDS spectra showed strong signals for iron at 4 and 12 days after treatment, a significant decrease in peak intensity was observed at 20 days. Future efforts will be aimed at studying transduction mechanisms that cause metabolic and epigenetic alterations in response to nZVIs in F. diplosiphon.« less
  2. Dr. Krishna Ganesh (Ed.)
    Nanoscale zero-valent iron nanoparticles (nZVIs) are known to boost biomass production and lipid yield in Fremyella diplosiphon, a model biodiesel-producing cyanobacterium. However, the impact of nZVI-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) in F. diplosiphon has not been evaluated. In the present study, ROS in F. diplosiphon strains (B481-WT and B481-SD) generated in response to nZVI-induced oxidative stress were quantified and the enzymatic response determined. Lipid peroxidation as a measure of oxidative stress revealed significantly higher malondialdehyde content (p < 0.01) in both strains treated with 3.2, 12.8, and 51.2 mg L–1 nZVIs compared to untreated control. In addition, ROS in all nZVI-treated cultures treated with 1.6–25.6 mg L–1 nZVIs was significantly higher than the untreated control as determined by the 2′,7′-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate fluorometric probe. Immunodetection using densitometric analysis of iron superoxide dismutase (SOD) revealed significantly higher SOD levels in both strains treated with nZVIs at 51.2 mg L–1. In addition, we observed significantly higher (p < 0.001) SOD levels in the B481-SD strain treated with 6.4 mg L−1 nZVIs compared to 3.2 mg L–1 nZVIs. Validation using transmission electron microscopy equipped with energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) revealed adsorption of nZVIs with a strong iron peak in both B481-WT and B481-SD strains.more »While the EDS spectra showed strong signals for iron at 4 and 12 days after treatment, a significant decrease in peak intensity was observed at 20 days. Future efforts will be aimed at studying transduction mechanisms that cause metabolic and epigenetic alterations in response to nZVIs in F. diplosiphon.« less
  3. Dr David Wojnowski (Ed.)
    In this study, two sections of undergraduate Introductory Anatomy and Physiology taught in the traditional face-to-face format (n = 58) was compared to two hybrid classes (n = 38) using the flipped-classroom model taught by the same instructor. Formative and summative examination scores were compared to determine the effect of the different learning methods. Our results revealed no significant difference between the mean scores of summative examinations and between the traditional and hybrid classes (p > 0.05). Of five quizzes administered, students taught in the traditional format scored significantly higher in only one of five quizzes. In addition, comparison of in-class laboratory examination scores showed no difference (P > 0.05) in three out of four. However, student evaluations of the hybrid classes were more positive as determined by end-of-course evaluations (4.54 versus 2.9 on a 1–5 Likert scale). This is the first study that compares a hybrid versus a traditional science course at a historically black college or university. We conclude that comparison of student outcomes in traditional versus hybrid Anatomy and Physiology I classes were similar. At a time when all institutions of higher learning have adopted online learning and distance learning due to the COVID-19 pandemic, this ismore »a timely comparison« less
  4. Metabolic products such as lipids and proteins produced in cyanobacteria represent an excellent source of biomass and do not compete with agricultural land use unlike soybean and corn. Given their potential use as novel materials for biodiesel production, we aimed to explore the e ect of cultivation period and nitrogen concentration on the growth rate and lipid content of Fremyella diplosiphon, a model cyanobacterium. In this study, F. diplosiphon grown in BG11/HEPES medium supplemented with 1.5 g L􀀀1 sodium nitrate (NaNO3) for 7, 10, 15, and 20 days were compared to the untreated control in media amended with 0.25, 0.5, and 1.0 g L􀀀1 NaNO3. Cultures were inoculated in liquid media and grown under continuous fluorescent light in an orbital incubator shaker, and extracted lipids subjected to gravimetric analysis and gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy to determine the best culture conditions for lipid production. Our results demonstrated that a reduction in nitrogen concentration had no significant effect on the growth rate across all cultivation periods; however, the accumulation of total lipid content was significantly influenced by nitrogen concentration. A maximum lipid production (40%) with no reduction in growth was observed in 10-day old cultures in a BG11/HEPES medium supplemented with 1.0 gmore »L􀀀1 NaNO3. Fatty acid methyl ester composition of transesterified lipids demonstrated high amounts of methyl palmitate (50–70%) followed by methyl octadecenoate (17–30%) in the accumulated lipids at all treatments. Trace quantities of methyl dodecanoate, methyl hexadecanoate, methyl octadecanoate, and methyl octadecadienoate (1–8%) were also observed in all tested samples, indicating that nitrogen deprivation in culture media increases lipid production without affecting growth.« less