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  1. Abstract

    Jamming is the transition from a fluid‐like state to a solid‐like state of a packing system. Recent studies have shown that jamming transition depends upon many factors: particle shape, friction/cohesion between particles, particle size dispersity, the stress of the packing, etc. This study aims to contribute to this growing area of research by exploring the jamming density of soil with strong dispersity. In analogous to Gibbs excess energy, we introduce excess volume‐potentials for each species. We then proposed a mathematical model to quantitatively compute the jamming density based on the second law of equilibrium in thermodynamics. This approach is validated using experimental results on glass beads and on silty sand. It is hoped that this study will provide to a deeper understanding of the link between jamming density, packing dispersity and the second law of thermodynamics.

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  2. Permeability of binary mixtures of soils is important for several industrial and engineering applications. Previous models for predicting the permeability of a binary mixture of soils were primarily developed from Kozeny–Carman equation with an empirical approach. The permeability is predicted based on an equivalent particle size of the two species. This study is aimed to develop a model using a more fundamental approach. Instead of an equivalent particle size, the permeability is predicted based on the bimodal void sizes of the binary mixture. Because the bimodal void sizes are not available as commonly measured physical properties. We first develop an analytical method that has the capability of predicting the bimodal void sizes of a binary mixture. A permeability model is then developed based on the bimodal void sizes of the binary mixture. The developed permeability model is evaluated by comparing the predicted and experimentally measured results for binary mixtures of glass beads, crush sand, and gravel sand. The findings can contribute to a better understanding of the important influence of pore structure on the prediction of permeability. 
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available January 1, 2024
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  4. null (Ed.)
    Binary granular soil mixtures, as common heterogeneous soils, are ubiquitous in nature and man-made deposits. Fines content and particle size ratio are two important gradation parameters for a binary mixture, which have potential influences on mechanical behaviours. However, experimental studies on drained shear behaviour considering the whole range of fines content and different particle size ratios are scarce in the literature. For this purpose, we performed a series of drained triaxial compression tests on dense binary silica sand mixtures with 4 different particle size ratios to systematically investigate the effects of fines content and particle size ratio on the drained shear behaviours. Based on these tests, the strength-dilation behaviour and critical state behaviour were examined. It was observed that both fines content and particle size ratio have significant influence on the stress-strain response, the critical state void ratio, the critical state friction angle, the maximum dilation angle, the peak friction angle, and the strength–dilatancy relation. The underlying mechanism for the effects of fines content and particle size ratio was discussed from the perspective of the kinematic movements at particle level. 
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