skip to main content

Search for: All records

Award ID contains: 1936677

Note: When clicking on a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) number, you will be taken to an external site maintained by the publisher. Some full text articles may not yet be available without a charge during the embargo (administrative interval).
What is a DOI Number?

Some links on this page may take you to non-federal websites. Their policies may differ from this site.

  1. Abstract. Many geoportals such as ArcGIS Online are established with the goal of improving geospatial data reusability and achieving intelligent knowledge discovery. However, according to previous research, most of the existing geoportals adopt Lucene-based techniques to achieve their core search functionality, which has a limited ability to capture the user’s search intentions. To better understand a user’s search intention, query expansion can be used to enrich the user’s query by adding semantically similar terms. In the context of geoportals and geographic information retrieval, we advocate the idea of semantically enriching a user’s query from both geospatial and thematic perspectives. In the geospatial aspect, we propose to enrich a query by using both place partonomy and distance decay. In terms of the thematic aspect, concept expansion and embedding-based document similarity are used to infer the implicit information hidden in a user’s query. This semantic query expansion framework is implemented as a semantically-enriched search engine using ArcGIS Online as a case study. A benchmark dataset is constructed to evaluate the proposed framework. Our evaluation results show that the proposed semantic query expansion framework is very effective in capturing a user’s search intention and significantly outperforms a well-established baseline – Lucene’s practical scoringmore »function – with more than 3.0 increments in DCG@K (K=3,5,10).« less
  2. Abstract The development of semi-automated and automated ontology alignment techniques is an important part of realizing the potential of the Semantic Web. Until very recently, most existing work in this area was focused on finding simple (1:1) equivalence correspondences between two ontologies. However, many real-world ontology pairs involve correspondences that contain multiple entities from each ontology. These ‘complex’ alignments pose a challenge for existing evaluation approaches, which hinders the development of new systems capable of finding such correspondences. This position paper surveys and analyzes the requirements for effective evaluation of complex ontology alignments and assesses the degree to which these requirements are met by existing approaches. It also provides a roadmap for future work on this topic taking into consideration emerging community initiatives and major challenges that need to be addressed.