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  1. Abstract

    Co‐crystallization of the spin‐crossover (SCO) cationic complex, [Fe(1‐bpp)2]2+(1‐bpp=2,6‐bis(pyrazol‐1‐yl)pyridine) with fractionally charged organic anion TCNQδ−(0<δ<1) afforded hybrid materials [Fe(1‐bpp)2](TCNQ)3.5 ⋅ 3.5MeCN (1) and [Fe(1‐bpp)2](TCNQ)4 ⋅ 4DCE (2), where TCNQ=7,7,8,8‐tetracyanoquinodimethane, MeCN=acetonitrile, and DCE=1,2‐dichloroethane. Both materials exhibit semiconducting behavior, with the room‐temperature conductivity values of 1.1×10−4 S/cm and 1.7×10−3 S/cm, respectively. The magnetic behavior of both complexes exhibits strong dependence on the content of the interstitial solvent. Complex1undergoes a gradual temperature‐driven SCO, with the midpoint temperature ofT1/2=234 K. The partial solvent loss by1leads to the increase in theT1/2value while complete desolvation renders the material high‐spin (HS) in the entire studied temperature range. In the case of2, the solvated complex shows a gradual SCO withT1/2=166 K only when covered with a mother liquid, while the facile loss of interstitial solvent, even at room temperature, leads to the HS‐only behavior.

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  2. Abstract

    A giant barocaloric effect (BCE) in a molecular material Fe3(bntrz)6(tcnset)6(FBT) is reported, where bntrz = 4‐(benzyl)‐1,2,4‐triazole and tcnset = 1,1,3,3‐tetracyano‐2‐thioethylepropenide. The crystal structure of FBT contains a trinuclear transition metal complex that undergoes an abrupt spin‐state switching between the state in which all three FeIIcenters are in the high‐spin (S = 2) electronic configuration and the state in which all of them are in the low‐spin (S = 0) configuration. Despite the strongly cooperative nature of the spin transition, it proceeds with a negligible hysteresis and a large volumetric change, suggesting that FBT should be a good candidate for producing a large BCE. Powder X‐ray diffraction and calorimetry reveal that the material is highly susceptible to applied pressure, as the transition temperature spans the range from 318 at ambient pressure to 383 K at 2.6 kbar. Despite the large shift in the spin‐transition temperature, its nonhysteretic character is maintained under applied pressure. Such behavior leads to a remarkably large and reversible BCE, characterized by an isothermal entropy change of 120 J kg−1K−1and an adiabatic temperature change of 35 K, which are among the highest reversible values reported for any caloric material thus far.

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  6. Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 28, 2023
  7. Mononuclear heteroleptic complexes [Fe(tpma)(bimz)](ClO4)2 (1a), [Fe(tpma)(bimz)](BF4)2 (1b), [Fe(bpte)(bimz)](ClO4)2 (2a), and [Fe(bpte)(bimz)](BF4)2 (2b) (tpma = tris(2-pyridylmethyl)amine, bpte = S,S′-bis(2-pyridylmethyl)-1,2-thioethane, bimz = 2,2′-biimidazoline) were prepared by reacting the corresponding Fe(II) salts with stoichiometric amounts of the ligands. All complexes exhibit temperature-induced spin crossover (SCO), but the SCO temperature is substantially lower for complexes 1a and 1b as compared to 2a and 2b, indicating the stronger ligand field afforded by the N2S2-coordinating bpte ligand relative to the N4-coordinating tpma. Our findings suggest that ligands with mixed N/S coordination can be employed to discover new SCO complexes and to tune the transition temperature of known SCO compounds by substituting for purely N-coordinating ligands. 
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  8. Co-crystallization of the prominent Fe( ii ) spin-crossover (SCO) cation, [Fe(3-bpp) 2 ] 2+ (3-bpp = 2,6-bis(pyrazol-3-yl)pyridine), with a fractionally charged TCNQ δ − radical anion has afforded a hybrid complex [Fe(3-bpp) 2 ](TCNQ) 3 ·5MeCN (1·5MeCN, where δ = −0.67). The partially desolvated material shows semiconducting behavior, with the room temperature conductivity σ RT = 3.1 × 10 −3 S cm −1 , and weak modulation of conducting properties in the region of the spin transition. The complete desolvation, however, results in the loss of hysteretic behavior and a very gradual SCO that spans the temperature range of 200 K. A related complex with integer-charged TCNQ − anions, [Fe(3-bpp) 2 ](TCNQ) 2 ·3MeCN (2·3MeCN), readily loses the interstitial solvent to afford desolvated complex 2 that undergoes an abrupt and hysteretic spin transition centered at 106 K, with an 11 K thermal hysteresis. Complex 2 also exhibits a temperature-induced excited spin-state trapping (TIESST) effect, upon which a metastable high-spin state is trapped by flash-cooling from room temperature to 10 K. Heating above 85 K restores the ground-state low-spin configuration. An approach to improve the structural stability of such complexes is demonstrated by using a related ligand 2,6-bis(benzimidazol-2′-yl)pyridine (bzimpy) to obtain [Fe(bzimpy) 2 ](TCNQ) 6 ·2Me 2 CO (4) and [Fe(bzimpy) 2 ](TCNQ) 5 ·5MeCN (5), both of which exist as LS complexes up to 400 K and exhibit semiconducting behavior, with σ RT = 9.1 × 10 −2 S cm −1 and 1.8 × 10 −3 S cm −1 , respectively. 
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