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  1. Abstract

    Here, we report an approach to the synthesis of highly charged enantiopure cyclophanes by the insertion of axially chiral enantiomeric binaphthyl fluorophores into the constitutions of pyridinium‐based macrocycles. Remarkably, these fluorescent tetracationic cyclophanes exhibit a significant AIE compared to their neutral optically active binaphthyl precursors. A combination of theoretical calculations and time‐resolved spectroscopy reveal that the AIE originates from limited torsional vibrations associated with the axes of chirality present in the chiral enantiomeric binaphthyl units and the fine‐tuning of their electronic landscape when incorporated within the cyclophane structure. Furthermore, these highly charged enantiopure cyclophanes display CPL responses both in solution and in the aggregated state. This unique duality of AIE and CPL in these tetracationic cyclophanes is destined to be of major importance in future development of photonic devices and bio‐applications.

     
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  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available May 10, 2024
  3. Free, publicly-accessible full text available May 1, 2024
  4. Free, publicly-accessible full text available April 26, 2024
  5. Although catenanes comprising two ring-shaped components can be made in large quantities by templation, the preparation of three-dimensional (3D) catenanes with cage-shaped components is still in its infancy. Here, we report the design and syntheses of two 3D catenanes by a sequence of S N 2 reactions in one pot. The resulting triply mechanically interlocked molecules were fully characterized in both the solution and solid states. Mechanistic studies have revealed that a suit[3]ane, which contains a threefold symmetric cage component as the suit and a tribromide component as the body, is formed at elevated temperatures. This suit[3]ane was identified as the key reactive intermediate for the selective formation of the two 3D catenanes which do not represent thermodynamic minima. We foresee a future in which this particular synthetic strategy guides the rational design and production of mechanically interlocked molecules under kinetic control. 
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