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  1. Abstract

    The discovery and development of ultra-wide bandgap (UWBG) semiconductors is crucial to accelerate the adoption of renewable power sources. This necessitates an UWBG semiconductor that exhibits robust doping with high carrier mobility over a wide range of carrier concentrations. Here we demonstrate that epitaxial thin films of the perovskite oxide NdxSr1xSnO3(SSO) do exactly this. Nd is used as a donor to successfully modulate the carrier concentration over nearly two orders of magnitude, from 3.7 × 1018 cm−3to 2.0 × 1020 cm−3. Despite being grown on lattice-mismatched substrates and thus having relatively high structural disorder, SSO films exhibited the highest room-temperature mobility, ~70 cm2 V−1 s−1,more »among all known UWBG semiconductors in the range of carrier concentrations studied. The phonon-limited mobility is calculated from first principles and supplemented with a model to treat ionized impurity and Kondo scattering. This produces excellent agreement with experiment over a wide range of temperatures and carrier concentrations, and predicts the room-temperature phonon-limited mobility to be 76–99 cm2 V−1 s−1depending on carrier concentration. This work establishes a perovskite oxide as an emerging UWBG semiconductor candidate with potential for applications in power electronics.

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  2. Abstract

    Integration of ferroelectric materials into novel technological applications requires low coercive field materials, and consequently, design strategies to reduce the ferroelectric switching barriers. In this first principles study, we show that biaxial strain, which has a strong effect on the ferroelectric ground states, can also be used to tune the switching barrier of hybrid improper ferroelectric Ruddlesden–Popper oxides. We identify the region of the strain-tolerance factor phase diagram where this intrinsic barrier is suppressed, and show that it can be explained in relation to strain-induced phase transitions to nonpolar phases.

  3. Abstract Understanding the kinetics of interfacial reaction in the deposition of metal contacts on 2D materials is important for determining the level of contact tenability and the nature of the contact itself. Here, we find that some metals, when deposited onto layered black-arsenic films using e-beam evaporation, form a-few-nm thick distinct intermetallic layer and significantly change the nature of the metal contact. In the case of nickel, the intermetallic layer is Ni 11 As 8 , whereas in the cases of chromium and titanium they are CrAs and a-Ti 3 As, respectively, with their unique structural and electronic properties. Wemore »also find that temperature, which affects interatomic diffusion and interfacial reaction kinetics, can be used to control the thickness and crystallinity of the interfacial layer. In the field effect transistors with black-arsenic channel, due to the specifics of its formation, this interfacial layer introduces a second and more efficient edge-type charge transfer pathway from the metal into the black-arsenic. Such tunable interfacial metal contacts could provide new pathways for engineering highly efficient devices and device architectures.« less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 1, 2023
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  6. Linear-dendritic block copolymers (LDBCs) have emerged as promising materials for drug delivery applications, with their hybrid structure exploiting advantageous properties of both linear and dendritic polymers. LDBCs have promising encapsulation efficiencies that can be used to encapsulate both hydrophobic and hydrophilic dyes for bioimaging, cancer therapeutics, and small biomolecules. Additionally, LDBCS can be readily functionalized with varying terminal groups for more efficient targeted delivery. However, depending on structural composition and surface properties, LDBCs also exhibit high dispersities ( Đ ), poor shelf-life, and potentially high cytotoxicity to non-target interfacing blood cells during intravenous drug delivery. Here, we show that cholinemore »carboxylic acid-based ionic liquids (ILs) electrostatically solvate LDBCs by direct dissolution and form stable and biocompatible IL-integrated LDBC nano-assemblies. These nano-assemblies are endowed with red blood cell-hitchhiking capabilities and show altered cellular uptake behavior ex vivo . When modified with choline and trans -2-hexenoic acid, IL-LDBC dispersity dropped by half compared to bare LDBCs, and showed a significant shift of the cationic surface charge towards neutrality. Proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy evidenced twice the total amount of IL on the LDBCs relative to an established IL-linear PLGA platform. Transmission electron microscopy suggested the formation of a nanoparticle surface coating, which acted as a protective agent against RBC hemolysis, reducing hemolysis from 73% (LDBC) to 25% (IL-LDBC). However, dramatically different uptake behavior of IL-LDBCs vs. IL-PLGA NPs in RAW 264.7 macrophage cells suggests a different conformational IL-NP surface assembly on the linear versus the linear-dendritic nanoparticles. These results suggest that by controlling the physical chemistry of polymer-IL interactions and assembly on the nanoscale, biological function can be tailored toward the development of more effective and more precisely targeted therapies.« less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available April 21, 2023
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  10. Zeolite nanosheets with improved thickness and orientation uniformity yield effective separation membranes for xylene isomers.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available April 8, 2023