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  1. Deadlocks are notorious bugs in multithreaded programs, causing serious reliability issues. However, they are difficult to be fully expunged before deployment, as their appearances typically depend on specific inputs and thread schedules, which require the assistance of dynamic tools. However, existing deadlock detection tools mainly focus on locks, but cannot detect deadlocks related to condition variables. This paper presents a novel approach to fill this gap. It extends the classic lock dependency to generalized dependency by abstracting the signal for the condition variable as a special resource so that communication deadlocks can be modeled as hold-and-wait cycles as well. It further designs multiple practical mechanisms to record and analyze generalized dependencies. In the end, this paper presents the implementation of the tool, called UnHang. Experimental results on real applications show that UnHang is able to find all known deadlocks and uncover two new deadlocks. Overall, UnHang only imposes around 3% performance overhead and 8% memory overhead, making it a practical tool for the deployment environment. 
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  2. The cache plays a key role in determining the performance of applications, no matter for sequential or concurrent programs on homogeneous and heterogeneous architecture. Fixing cache misses requires to understand the origin and the type of cache misses. However, this remains to be an unresolved issue even after decades of research. This paper proposes a unified profiling tool--CachePerf--that could correctly identify different types of cache misses, differentiate allocator-induced issues from those of applications, and exclude minor issues without much performance impact. The core idea behind CachePerf is a hybrid sampling scheme: it employs the PMU-based coarse-grained sampling to select very few susceptible instructions (with frequent cache misses) and then employs the breakpoint-based fine-grained sampling to collect the memory access pattern of these instructions. Based on our evaluation, CachePerf only imposes 14% performance overhead and 19% memory overhead (for applications with large footprints), while identifying the types of cache misses correctly. CachePerf detected 9 previous-unknown bugs. Fixing the reported bugs achieves from 3% to 3788% performance speedup. CachePerf will be an indispensable complementary to existing profilers due to its effectiveness and low overhead. 
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